เจ้า

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Northern Thai[edit]

Adverb[edit]

เจ้า (jâo)

  1. used by females to express affirmation, assent, agreement, acceptance, or acknowledgement.

Pronoun[edit]

เจ้า (jâo)

  1. a first person pronoun, employed by females.

Particle[edit]

เจ้า (jâo)

  1. a particle used at the end of a sentence, employed by females.

Thai[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Compare Old Khmer cau, cauva, co, cova, cco, ccova, ccau, and , all pronounced the same, /caw/, and meaning "chief; head", corresponding to Modern Khmer ចៅ (chau). Compare Middle Chinese (MC t͡ɕɨoX, “master, owner”). Cognate with Lao ເຈົ້າ (chao), ᦈᧁᧉ (ṫsaw2), Shan ၸဝ်ႈ (tsaw3).

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Orthographic เจ้า
e t͡ɕ ˆ ā
Phonemic จ้าว
t͡ɕ ˆ ā w
Paiboon jâao
(Bangkok) IPA(key) /t͡ɕaːw˥˩/

Noun[edit]

เจ้า (jâao)

  1. god; diety.
  2. priest.
  3. chief; lord; master.
  4. royal person.
  5. a honorific for the aforementioned persons, added before or after their names or titles.
  6. (historical) a title given to a prince or princess of Lan Na.
  7. (colloquial) a title given to a prince or princess holding the rank of หม่อมเจ้า (mɔ̀m-jâao).
  8. owner.
  9. seller; vendor; merchant.
  10. expert; specialist.

Classifier[edit]

เจ้า (jâao)

  1. Classifier for service providers and service receivers.

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Orthographic/Phonemic เจ้า
e t͡ɕ ˆ ā
Paiboon jâo
(Bangkok) IPA(key) /t͡ɕaw˥˩/

Noun[edit]

เจ้า (jâo)

  1. (colloquial) a title given to a person of lower status.
  2. (colloquial) a title of endearment for anyone or anything.

Pronoun[edit]

เจ้า (jâo)

  1. (dated) a second or third person pronoun, used to address a person of lower status or younger person.
Usage notes[edit]
  • Often used with the first person pronoun ข้า (kâa).