უნდა

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Georgian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Particle[edit]

უნდა (unda)

  1. have to, should, ought to, need, must.
    მგონი უნდა მიხვიდე მასთან და ბოდიში მოუხადო
    mgoni unda mixvide mast'an da bodiši mouxado
    I think you should go and apologize to her

Usage notes[edit]

  • The particle is accompanied by the present subjunctive, optative, or pluperfect screeves of a verb.
    • If the present subjunctive screeve is used then the speaker thinks that an action described by a verb should have been done. Adverbs უკვე (ukve) and ახლა (axla) are often used after the verb.
  • If the speaker wants to emphasize a strong obligation upon someone, he may use the adverb აუცილებლად (auc’ileblad) just before the particle. As in:
აუცილებლად უნდა დატოვოთ აქაურობა
auc'ileblad unda datovot' ak'auroba
You must leave this territory

Verb[edit]

უნდა (unda) (third-person singular presentindicative)

  1. she/he/it wants