ქართველი

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Georgian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Georgian ქართველი ‎(kartveli); see below. Cognate with Mingrelian ქორთუ ‎(kortu) and Laz ქორთუ ‎(kortu). Svan ქა̈რთ ‎(kärt) is probably from the same source.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /kʰɑrtʰvɛli/
  • Hyphenation: ქარ‧თვე‧ლი

Adjective[edit]

ქართველი ‎(kartveli) (not comparable)

  1. (Of person) Of Georgian descent
    ქართველი ჯარისკაცი
    kartveli ǯarisḳaci
    A Georgian soldier

Noun[edit]

ქართველი ‎(kartveli) ‎(plural ქართველები)

  1. person from the country of Georgia in the Caucasus; Georgian.

Related terms[edit]

Inflection[edit]

.Georgian.inflection-table tr:hover
{
        background-color:#EBEBEB;
}

Old Georgian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ultimately from Proto-Kartvelian *kart-, which also produced a placename ქართლი ‎(kartli, Kartli), thus, originally, the term referred to an inhabitant of the Georgian core central region of Kartli.

Klimov considers Svan ქა̈რთ ‎(kärt, Tbilisi) to be borrowed from Georgian. He reconstructs the root as Proto-Georgian-Zan *kart(w)- and derives ქართველი ‎(kartveli) from inflected *kartw-el-. He also points out that this Proto-Georgian-Zan term, alongside *m-egr-el- (whence Georgian მეგრელი ‎(megreli) and Mingrelian მარგალი ‎(margali)), indicates the presence of an important ethnic division as early as the Proto-Georgian-Zan period.

Noun[edit]

ქართველი ‎(kartveli)

  1. (person) Georgian

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Georgij A. Klimov (1998), Etymological Dictionary of the Kartvelian Languages, New York, Berlin: Mouton De Gruyter, page 213
  • Heinz Fähnrich (2007), Kartwelisches Etymologisches Wörterbuch [Kartvelian Etymological Dictionary], Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 458
  • Heinz Fähnrich, Surab Sarjveladze (2000), kartvelur enata eṭimologiuri leksiḳoni [Etimological Dictionary of the Kartvelian Languages] (second edition), Tbilisi: Tbilisi Sulkhan-Saba Orbeliani State University Press, page 486
  • Ilia Abulaje (1973), ʒveli kartuli enis leksiḳoni (masalebi) [Dictionary of Old Georgian (Materials)], Tbilisi: Metsniereba, page 451