ქართველი

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Georgian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Georgian ქართველი (kartveli); see below. Cognate with Mingrelian ქორთუ (kortu) and Laz ქორთუ (kortu). Svan ქა̈რთ (kärt) is probably from the same source.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /kʰɑrtʰvɛli/
  • Hyphenation: ქარ‧თვე‧ლი

Adjective[edit]

ქართველი (kartveli) (not comparable)

  1. (Of person) Of Georgian descent
    ქართველი ჯარისკაცი
    kartveli ǯarisḳaci
    A Georgian soldier

Noun[edit]

ქართველი (kartveli) (plural ქართველები)

  1. person from the country of Georgia in the Caucasus; Georgian.

Related terms[edit]

Inflection[edit]

.Georgian.inflection-table tr:hover
{
        background-color:#EBEBEB;
}

Old Georgian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ultimately from Proto-Kartvelian *kart-, which also produced a placename ქართლი (kartli, Kartli), thus, originally, the term referred to an inhabitant of the Georgian core central region of Kartli.

Klimov considers Svan ქა̈რთ (kärt, Tbilisi) to be borrowed from Georgian. He reconstructs the root as Proto-Georgian-Zan *kart(w)- and derives ქართველი (kartveli) from inflected *kartw-el-. He also points out that this Proto-Georgian-Zan term, alongside *m-egr-el- (whence Georgian მეგრელი (megreli) and Mingrelian მარგალი (margali)), indicates the presence of an important ethnic division as early as the Proto-Georgian-Zan period.

Noun[edit]

ქართველი (kartveli)

  1. (person) Georgian

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Klimov, Georgij A. (1998) Etymological Dictionary of the Kartvelian Languages (Trends in linguistics. Documentation; 16), New York, Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, page 213
  • Fähnrich, Heinz (2007) Kartwelisches Etymologisches Wörterbuch [Kartvelian Etymological Dictionary] (Handbuch der Orientalistik; VIII.18) (in German), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 458
  • penrixi (Fähnrich), hainc; sarǯvelaʒe, zurab (2000) kartvelur enata eṭimologiuri leksiḳoni [Etymological Dictionary of the Kartvelian Languages] (in Georgian), Tbilisi: Tbilisi Sulkhan-Saba Orbeliani State University Press, page 486
  • abulaʒe, ilia (1973), “ქართველი”, in ʒveli kartuli enis leksiḳoni (masalebi) [Dictionary of Old Georgian (Materials)] (in Georgian), Tbilisi: Metsniereba, page 451