ḥꜣtj

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Egyptian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From ḥꜣt (front) +‎ -j (nisba ending).

The noun is simply a nominalized use of this nisba adjective, thus literally ‘the frontal (organ)’. Some have instead suggested an Indo-European source for the noun. Compare Proto-Indo-European *ḱḗr.

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Adjective[edit]

HAt
t y
  1. frontal
  2. (Late Egyptian) first

Inflection[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

HAt
t y
F34

 m

  1. heart
  2. mind, where thought and emotions are experienced
  3. (by extension) a jewel

Usage notes[edit]

More so than jb, this word is used to refer to the heart as a physical organ; however, the two are often interchangeable.

Inflection[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

  • (heart, mind): jb

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Coptic: ϩⲏⲧ (hēt)

References[edit]

  • James P[eter] Allen (2010) Middle Egyptian: An Introduction to the Language and Culture of Hieroglyphs, 2nd edition, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, →ISBN.
  1. ^ Loprieno, Antonio (1995) Ancient Egyptian: A Linguistic Introduction, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, →ISBN