ἀήρ

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

PIE root
*h₂ews-

Beekes gives Proto-Hellenic *auhḗr ‎(morning mist), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ewsḗr, from *h₂ews- ‎(dawn; east). Cognate with αὔρᾱ ‎(aúrā) < *h₂éwsreh₂, Latin aurōra).[1]
Sihler gives Proto-Hellenic *āwḗr ‎(morning mist) but provides no further etymology.[2][3]

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Noun[edit]

ᾱ̓ήρ ‎(āḗrm ‎(genitive ᾱ̓έρος); third declension a̓er a̓hr may be Romanised forms of Ancient Greek ᾱ̓ήρ.

  1. mist
  2. air
  3. wind
  4. space, volume
  5. blue or grey (the colour of the sky)

Inflection[edit]

Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “ᾱ̓ήρ”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), volume I, with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 27
  2. ^ Sihler, Andrew L. (1995) New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin, Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press, § 54
  3. ^ Sihler, Andrew L. (1995) New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin, Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press, § 284 A