ἀήρ

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Beekes gives Proto-Hellenic *auhḗr (morning mist), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ewsḗr, from *h₂ews- (dawn; east). Cognate with αὔρᾱ (aúrā) (< *h₂éwsreh₂), Latin aurōra.[1] The a was lengthened to ā by compensatory lengthening.
Sihler gives Proto-Hellenic *āwḗr (morning mist) but provides no further etymology.[2][3]

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /aː.ɛ̌ːr/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /aˈer/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /aˈir/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /aˈir/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /aˈir/
  • Noun[edit]

    ᾱ̓ήρ (āḗrm (genitive ᾱ̓έρος); third declension

    1. mist
    2. air
    3. wind
    4. space, volume
    5. blue or grey (the colour of the sky)

    Inflection[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    See also[edit]

    References[edit]

    1. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “ᾱ̓ήρ”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), volume I, with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 27
    2. ^ Sihler, Andrew L. (1995) New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin, Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press, →ISBN, § 54
    3. ^ Sihler, Andrew L. (1995) New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin, Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press, →ISBN, § 284 A

    Further reading[edit]