ἀνήρ

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See also: ἁνήρ

Ancient Greek[edit]

Ἀνὴρ Σωκράτης καλούμενος.

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *h₂nḗr. Cognates include Sanskrit नर (nára) and Old Irish nert.

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • In Epic poetry, the ἀ usually scans as long in the arsis of a foot.

Noun[edit]

ἀνήρ (anḗrm (genitive ἀνδρός); third declension

  1. man (adult male)
  2. husband
  3. human being, as opposed to a god
    • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Odyssey 1.544
      τὴν δ’ ἠμείβετ’ ἔπειτα πατὴρ ἀνδρῶν τε θεῶν τε
      tḕn d’ ēmeíbet’ épeita patḕr andrôn te theôn te
      Then the father of gods and men answered her
    • 522 BCE – 443 BCE, Pindar, Olympian Ode 6.10
      ἀκίνδυνοι δ’ ἀρεταὶ
      οὔτε παρ’ ἀνδράσιν οὔτ’ ἐν ναυσὶ κοίλαις
      τίμιαι: πολλοὶ δὲ μέμνανται, καλὸν εἴ τι ποναθῇ.
      akíndunoi d’ aretaì
      oúte par’ andrásin oút’ en nausì koílais
      tímiai: polloì dè mémnantai, kalòn eí ti ponathêi.
      But excellence without danger is honored neither among men nor in hollow ships. But many people remember, if a fine thing is done with toil.

Usage notes[edit]

The word ἀνήρ may form a crasis with the definite article, resulting in (ho) and ἀνήρ merging. The Attic crasis is ᾱ̔νήρ (hānḗr) and the Ionic crasis is ὡνήρ (hōnḗr).

Inflection[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

  • γυνή (gunḗ, woman, female, wife)

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]