ἀνήρ

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: ἁνήρ

Ancient Greek[edit]

Ἀνὴρ Σωκράτης καλούμενος (Anḕr Sōkrátēs kaloúmenos) by Domenico Anderson (1854-1938).

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *h₂nḗr. Cognates include Sanskrit नर (nára) and Old Irish nert.

Pronunciation[edit]

 

In Epic poetry, the ἀ usually scans as long in the arsis of a foot.

Noun[edit]

ᾰ̓νήρ (anḗrm (genitive ᾰ̓νδρός); third declension

  1. man (adult male)
  2. husband
  3. human being, as opposed to a god
    • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Odyssey 1.544
      τὴν δ’ ἠμείβετ’ ἔπειτα πατὴρ ἀνδρῶν τε θεῶν τε
      tḕn d’ ēmeíbet’ épeita patḕr andrôn te theôn te
      Then the father of men and gods [= Zeus] answered her
    • 522 BCE – 443 BCE, Pindar, Olympian Ode 6.10
      ἀκίνδυνοι δ’ ἀρεταὶ
      οὔτε παρ’ ἀνδράσιν οὔτ’ ἐν ναυσὶ κοίλαις
      τίμιαι: πολλοὶ δὲ μέμνανται, καλὸν εἴ τι ποναθῇ.
      akíndunoi d’ aretaì
      oúte par’ andrásin oút’ en nausì koílais
      tímiai: polloì dè mémnantai, kalòn eí ti ponathêi.
      But excellence without danger is honored neither among men nor in hollow ships. But many people remember, if a fine thing is done with toil.

Usage notes[edit]

The word ἀνήρ may form a crasis with the definite article, resulting in (ho) and ἀνήρ merging. The Attic crasis is ᾱ̔νήρ (hānḗr) and the Ionic crasis is ὡνήρ (hōnḗr).

Inflection[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

  • γυνή (gunḗ, woman, female, wife)

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]