ἀνδρεία

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From ἀνδρεῖος (andreîos, manly) +‎ (, abstract noun–forming suffix).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Noun[edit]

ᾰ̓νδρείᾱ (andreíāf (genitive ᾰ̓νδρείᾱς); first declension (Attic, Koine)

  1. (uncountable) courage, bravery (of men or women)
    • 384 BCE – 322 BCE, Aristotle, Rhetoric 1.6.18
      οἷον εἰ τὸ δειλοὺς εἶναι μάλιστα συμφέρει τοῖς ἐχθροῖς, δῆλον ὅτι ἀνδρεία μάλιστα ὠφέλιμον τοῖς πολίταις.
      hoîon ei tò deiloùs eînai málista sumphérei toîs ekhthroîs, dêlon hóti andreía málista ōphélimon toîs polítais.
      for example, if (our) being cowardly benefits the enemy the most, then it is clear that courage is the most beneficial to our citizens.
    • 384 BCE – 322 BCE, Aristotle, Rhetoric 1.9.5
      μέρη δὲ ἀρετῆς δικαιοσύνη, ἀνδρεία, σωφροσύνη, μεγαλοπρέπεια, μεγαλοψυχία, ἐλευθεριότης, φρόνησις, σοφία.
      mérē dè aretês dikaiosúnē, andreía, sōphrosúnē, megaloprépeia, megalopsukhía, eleutheriótēs, phrónēsis, sophía.
      Types of virtue: justice, courage, prudence, magnificence, magnanimity, liberality, discretion, wisdom.
    • 384 BCE – 322 BCE, Aristotle, Rhetoric 1.9.8
      ἀνδρεία δὲ δι’ ἣν πρακτικοί εἰσι τῶν καλῶν ἔργων ἐν τοῖς κινδύνοις
      andreía dè di’ hḕn praktikoí eisi tôn kalôn érgōn en toîs kindúnois
      courage is the thing by which they are able to perform good deeds in dangerous circumstances
    • 497 BCE – 405 BCE, Sophocles, Electra 983
      τώδ’ ἔν θ’ ἑορταῖς ἔν τε πανδήμῳ πόλει / τιμᾶν ἅπαντας οὕνεκ’ ἀνδρείας χρεών
      tṓd’ én th’ heortaîs én te pandḗmōi pólei / timân hápantas hoúnek’ andreías khreṓn
      it is necessary for all to honor these two in festivals in the entire city because of bravery
  2. (countable) A brave deed
    • 428 BCE – 347 BCE, Plato, Laws 922a
      τιμᾶν τοὺς ἀγαθοὺς ἄνδρας, ὅσοι σωτῆρες τῆς πόλεώς εἰσι συμπάσης εἴτε ἀνδρείαις εἴτε πολεμικαῖς μηχαναῖς
      timân toùs agathoùs ándras, hósoi sōtêres tês póleṓs eisi sumpásēs eíte andreíais eíte polemikaîs mēkhanaîs
      to honor good men, those who are saviors of the entire city, either by brave deeds or plans in war

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Further reading[edit]