ἀριστερός

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From ἄριστος (áristos, best) +‎ -τερος (-teros, contrastive suffix). According to Chantraine, the suffix -τερος serves to differentiate and create a euphemistic contrast with ἄριστος; an unusual formation. The latter is taken to indicate on the right side in this case, the left side being its literal and metaphorical opposite.

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Mark the vowel length of the ambiguous vowels and ι by adding a macron after each of them if they are long, or a breve if they are short. By default, Module:grc-pronunciation assumes they are short if unmarked.

Adjective[edit]

ἀριστερός (aristerósm (feminine ἀριστερά, neuter ἀριστερόν); first/second declension

  1. (euphemistic) left (opposite of right)
  2. ominous, ill boding
  3. clumsy, awkward (Compare French gauche)

Inflection[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  • ἀριστερός in Liddell & Scott (1940) A Greek–English Lexicon, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • ἀριστερός in Liddell & Scott (1889) An Intermediate Greek–English Lexicon, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • ἀριστερός in Autenrieth, Georg (1891) A Homeric Dictionary for Schools and Colleges, New York: Harper and Brothers
  • «ἀριστερός» in Cunliffe, Richard J. (1924) A Lexicon of the Homeric Dialect: Expanded Edition, Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, published 1963
  • G710”, in Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance to the Bible, 1979
  • Woodhouse, S. C. (1910) English–Greek Dictionary: A Vocabulary of the Attic Language[1], London: Routledge & Kegan Paul Limited.
    • left idem, page 484.
  • BDAG
  • Chantraine, Pierre, "Les noms de la gauche en grec", Comptes rendus de l'Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres 99.3 (1955) 374-377.