ἀστήρ

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Hellenic *astḗr, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂stḗr. Cognates include Latin stēlla, Gothic 𐍃𐍄𐌰𐌹𐍂𐌽𐍉 (stairnō), English star, Dutch ster, German Stern, Danish stjerne, Swedish stjärna, Icelandic stjarna, Old Armenian աստղ (astł), Persian ستاره (setāre) and Sanskrit तारा (tārā).

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /as.tɛ̌ːr/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /asˈter/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /asˈtir/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /asˈtir/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /asˈtir/
  • Noun[edit]

    ᾰ̓στήρ (astḗrm (genitive ᾰ̓στέρος); third declension

    1. a celestial body (star, planet, and other lights in the sky such as meteors).
    2. illustrious person
    3. starfish
    4. a type of songbird

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