ἄλγος

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Perhaps from ἀλέγω (alégō, I heed, trouble myself), but there are semantic difficulties.

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Noun[edit]

ἄλγος (álgosn (genitive ἄλγεος or ἄλγους); third declension

  1. pain (of either mind or body), sorrow, trouble, grief, distress, woe
    • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Iliad 1.1–2
      Μῆνιν ἄειδε, θεά, Πηληιάδεω Ἀχιλῆος οὐλομένην, ἣ μυρί’ Ἀχαιοῖς ἄλγε’ ἔθηκε.
      Mênin áeide, theá, Pēlēiádeō Akhilêos ouloménēn, hḕ murí’ Akhaioîs álge’ éthēke.
      • Translation by Samuel Butler
        Sing, O goddess, the rage of Achilles son of Peleus, that brought countless ills upon the Achaeans.
  2. that which causes pain

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