ἄρθρον

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From ἀραρίσκω (ararískō) +‎ -θρον (-thron) (from Proto-Indo-European *-dʰrom).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Noun[edit]

ᾰ̓́ρθρον (árthronn (genitive ᾰ̓́ρθρου); second declension

  1. (anatomy) joint
  2. (anatomy) limb
  3. articulation
    ἄρθρον τῆς φωνῆς (árthron tês phōnês)vocal articulation
  4. (grammar) connecting word
  5. (grammar) an article: a category including the definite article (ho) and the basic relative pronoun ὅς (hós)

Usage notes[edit]

Note concerning definition #2, ἄρθρον (árthron) was sometimes used to refer to various body parts such as the ankles, eyes, mouth, genitals, etc.

Inflection[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]