ἄριστον

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Hellenic *ayeriston, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂eyeri-h₁d-to-. First part in ἦρι (êri, early), second is zero-grade of ἔδω (édō, to eat), thus "early meal".

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /ǎː.riːs.ton/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /ˈa.ris.ton/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /ˈa.ris.ton/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /ˈa.ris.ton/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /ˈa.ris.ton/
  • Noun[edit]

    ᾱ̓́ρῑστον (ā́rīstonn (genitive ᾱ̓ρῑ́στου); second declension

    1. morning meal, breakfast (early usage, i.e. Homeric)
    2. lunch (later usage, replaced with ἀκράτισμα as word for breakfast)
    Inflection[edit]
    References[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]

     
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /á.ris.ton/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /ˈa.ris.ton/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /ˈa.ris.ton/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /ˈa.ris.ton/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /ˈa.ris.ton/
  • Adjective[edit]

    ᾰ̓́ρῐστον (áristonn

    1. inflection of ἄριστος (áristos):
      1. accusative singular masculine
      2. nominative and accusative and vocative singular neuter