Ἄρτεμις

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See also: Άρτεμις

Ancient Greek[edit]

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Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Uncertain.[1] Attested from an early date as Mycenaean Greek 𐀀𐀳𐀖𐀵 (a-te-mi-to) and Mycenaean Greek 𐀀𐀴𐀖𐀳 (a-ti-mi-te);[2] this and its alternation of e and i lead Beekes and Georgios Babiniotis to suggest the name is from a Pre-Greek substrate.[3][4] (Ancient Greek writers, by way of folk etymology, linked the name (found in Doric as Artamis) to ἄρταμος (ártamos, butcher) or ἀρτεμής (artemḗs, safe, unharmed; pure; maiden).[5] Others compare Artemis to the Cretan Britomartis, with whom she was syncretized.) A connection to Anatolian names has also been suggested;[6][7] Artemis was venerated in Lydia as Artimus.[8]

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Proper noun[edit]

Ἄρτεμις (Ártemisf (genitive Ἀρτέμιδος); third declension

  1. Artemis, one of the Greek gods.

Inflection[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  1. ^ Artemis” in Douglas Harper, Online Etymology Dictionary, 2001–2021.
  2. ^ John Chadwick, Lydia Baumbach, "The Mycenaean Greek Vocabulary", Glotta, 41:3/4 (1963:157-271), page 176f; C. Souvinous, "A-TE-MI-TO and A-TI-MI-TE", Kadmos, 9, 1970:42–47; T. Christidis, "Further remarks on A-TE-MI-TO and A-TI-MI-TE", Kadmos, 11:125–28.
  3. ^ Robert S. P. Beekes, Etymological Dictionary of Greek, Brill, 2009, page 142.
  4. ^ Babiniotis, Georgios (2005) , “Άρτεμις”, in Λεξικό της Νέας Ελληνικής Γλώσσας, Athens: Κέντρο Λεξικολογίας, page 286
  5. ^ See LSJ.
  6. ^ Campanile, Ann. Scuola Pisa, 28:305; Restelli, Aevum, 37:307, 312.
  7. ^ Edwin L. Brown, "In Search of Anatolian Apollo", Charis: Essays in Honor of Sara A. Immerwahr, Hesperia Supplements, 33 (2004:243–257). pages 251ff.
  8. ^ Indogermanica et Caucasica: Festschrift fur Karl Horst Schmidt zum 65. Geburtstag (Studies in Indo-European language and culture), W. de Gruyter, 1994, Etyma Graeca, [pages 213–214; Houwink ten Cate, The Luwian Population Groups of Lycia and Cilicia Aspera during the Hellenistic Period (Leiden) 1961:166, noted in this context by Brown 2004:252.