ἐγώ

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Ancient Greek[edit]

case first person
singular dual plural
str. encl. str. str.
nominative ἐγώ νώ, νῶϊ ἡμεῖς
genitive ἐμοῦ μου νῷν ἡμῶν
dative ἐμοί μοι νῷν ἡμῖν
accusative ἐμέ με νώ, νῶϊ ἡμᾶς
adjective ἐμός ἡμέτερος

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *éǵh₂. Compare Latin ego.

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Pronoun[edit]

ἐγώ ‎(egṓ)

  1. first person singular personal pronoun: I, me, my
  2. (emphatic form ἔγωγε) I at least, I for my part
    1. (in answer to a yes-no question about a verb) yes, I do, I did, etc.; (with negative) no, I don't, I didn't, etc. (depending on the verb)
      • 386 BCE – 367 BCE, Plato, Meno 71.b–71c
        Σωκράτης   ἢ δοκεῖ σοι οἷόν τε εἶναι, ὅστις Μένωνα μὴ γιγνώσκει ... ὅστις ἐστίν, τοῦτον εἰδέναι εἴτε καλὸς εἴτε πλούσιος εἴτε καὶ γενναῖός ἐστιν ... ;
        Μένων   οὐκ ἔμοιγε. ἀλλὰ σύ, ὦ Σώκρατες, ἀληθῶς οὐδ᾽ ὅτι ἀρετή ἐστιν οἶσθα ... ;
        Σωκράτης   μὴ μόνον γε, ὦ ἑταῖρε, ἀλλὰ καὶ ὅτι οὐδ᾽ ἄλλῳ πω ἐνέτυχον εἰδότι ... .
        Μένων   τί δέ; Γοργίᾳ οὐκ ἐνέτυχες ὅτε ἐνθάδε ἦν;
        Σωκράτης   ἔγωγε.
        Socrates: Or do you think that if someone doesn't know who Meno is, he could know if he is good or rich or noble?
        Meno: I don't. But you, Socrates, do you really not know what virtue is?
        Socrates: Not only that, my friend, but I've also never met anyone else who did know.
        Meno: What? Didn't you meet Gorgias when he was here?
        Socrates: I did.

Usage notes[edit]

ἐγών ‎(egṓn) is used in Epic mostly before vowels, and is used in Doric also before consonants. The dual and plural are νώ ‎(nṓ) and ἡμεῖς ‎(hēmeîs).

Inflection[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Smyth, Herbert Weir (1920), “Part II: Inflection”, in A Greek grammar for colleges, Cambridge: American Book Company, § 325
  • William W. Goodwin, A Greek Grammar. Revised and enlarged, Boston, 1900, p.82f.