ἐγώ

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *éǵh₂. Compare Latin ego.

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

ἐγώ (egṓ)

  1. First person personal pronoun: I, we two, we

Inflection[edit]

Attic Inflection

Case \ # Singular Enclitic Singular Dual Plural
Nominative ἐγώ - νώ ἡμεῖς
Genitive ἐμοῦ μου νᾦν ἡμῶν
Dative ἐμοί μοι νᾦν ἡμῖν
Accusative ἐμέ με νώ ἡμᾶς

Homeric Inflection

Case \ # Singular Enclitic Singular Dual Plural
Nominative ἐγώ, ἐγών - νῶϊ, νώ ἡμεῖς, ἄμμες
Genitive ἐμεῖο, ἐμέο, ἐμεῦ, ἐμέθεν μευ νῶϊν ἡμείων, ἡμέων
Dative ἐμοί μοι νῶϊν ἡμῖν, ἄμμι(ν)
Accusative ἐμέ με νῶϊ, νώ ἡμέας, ἄμμε

Herodotus Inflection

Case \ # Singular Enclitic Singular Plural
Nominative ἐγώ - ἡμεῖς
Genitive ἐμέο, ἐμεῦ μευ ἡμέων
Dative ἐμοί μοι ἡμῖν
Accusative ἐμέ με ἡμέας

Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]

  • σύ (), σύγε (súge) (2nd person personal pronoun)
  • οὗ (hoû) (3rd person personal pronoun)

References[edit]

  • Herbert Weir Smyth & Gordon M. Messing, Greek Grammar, Cambridge, Havard University Press, 1956, p.90f.
  • William W. Goodwin, A Greek Grammar. Revised and enlarged, Boston, 1900, p.82f.