ἐκ

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See also: εκ, εκ., and ἐκ-

Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • ἐξ (ex)before a vowel
  • ἐγ (eg)before β, δ, λ, μ

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Hellenic *eks, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁eǵʰs (out of).

Cognates include Latin ex, ē, Old Irish ess-, a, ass (Irish as), Lithuanian ìš, Old Church Slavonic из (iz), Northern Kurdish ji, Albanian ith.

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Preposition[edit]

ἐκ (ek) (governs the genitive)

  1. (of place)
    1. (of motion) Out of, from
    2. from, with the source of
    3. to denote change from one place or condition to another
    4. to express separation of distinction from a number
    5. (of position) outside, beyond
  2. (of time)
    1. from, since
    2. (of particular points of time) just, after
      ἐκ τούτου
      ek toútou
      after this
    3. during, in
  3. (of origin)
    1. (of materials) made out of something
    2. (of descent, parentage) descended from
      ἐκ πατρὸς εὐγενοῦς
      ek patròs eugenoûs
      (born) of a noble father
      ἐκ τῶν ὁμοίων
      ek tôn homoíōn
      of an equal
    3. (of causation) done by someone, something
    4. of the cause, instrument, or means by which a thing is done
    5. from, according to
    6. turns a following noun into a periphrastic adverb
    7. (with numerals) in such an order

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Greek: εκ (ek), ξε- (xe-)
  • Esperanto: ek-
  • Ido: ek

References[edit]