ἐκ

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See also: εκ and εκ.

Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • ἐξ (eks) (before a vowel)
  • ἐγ (eg) (before β γ δ λ μ)

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *eḱs (out of), *eǵʰs, *h₁eǵʰs. Cognates include Latin ex, ē, Old Irish ess-, a, ass (Irish as), Lithuanian ìš and Old Church Slavonic из (iz).

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

ἐκ (ek)

  1. (of place)
    1. (of motion) Out of, from
    2. from, with the source of
    3. to denote change from one place or condition to another
    4. to express separation of distinction from a number
    5. (of position) outside, beyond
  2. (of time)
    1. from, since
    2. (of particular points of time) just, after
    3. during, in
  3. (of origin)
    1. (of materials) made out of something
    2. (of descent, parentage) descended from
    3. (of causation) done by someone, something
    4. of the cause, instrument, or means by which a thing is done
    5. from, according to
    6. turns a following noun into a periphrastic adverb
    7. (with numerals) in such an order

Usage notes[edit]

ἐκ governs the genitive case.

Prefix[edit]

ἐκ (ek)

  1. sense of removal; out, away, off
  2. to express completion, totality; utterly