ἐλπίς

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See also: Ἐλπίς

Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Possibly from Proto-Indo-European *welp-, like ἔλπω (élpō, I cause to hope).

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /el.pís/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /ɛlˈpis/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /elˈpis/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /elˈpis/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /elˈpis/
  • Noun[edit]

    ἐλπῐ́ς (elpísf (genitive ἐλπῐ́δος); third declension

    1. hope, expectation, belief that something will happen
      • 428 BCE – 347 BCE, Plato, Laws 644c
        πρὸς δὲ τούτοιν ἀμφοῖν αὖ δόξας μελλόντων, οἷν κοινὸν μὲν ὄνομα ἐλπίς, ἴδιον δέ, φόβος μὲν ἡ πρὸ λύπης ἐλπίς, θάρρος δὲ ἡ πρὸ τοῦ ἐναντίου
        pròs dè toútoin amphoîn aû dóxas mellóntōn, hoîn koinòn mèn ónoma elpís, ídion dé, phóbos mèn hē prò lúpēs elpís, thárrhos dè hē prò toû enantíou
        in addition to both of these, [each of us] also [possesses] opinions about things that will happen, for which the usual name is "expectation", and a particular [name]: the expectation before pain is fear, while [expectation] before the opposite is courage
    2. object of hope
    3. anxiety, boding

    Declension[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    Further reading[edit]