ἔθω

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From *σϝεθ-. Cognates include Latin suesco, Sanskrit स्वधा (svadhā) and Gothic 𐍃𐌹𐌳𐌿𐍃 (sidus).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

ἔθω (ethō) perfect active: εἴωθα

  1. I am wont to do something
    τὸν γὰρ οὐκ ὄντα ἅπας εἴωθεν ἐπαινεῖν (Thucydides, Hist. 2.45.1)
    everybody is wont to praise the diceased
  2. I am custom, tradition, habit
    καὶ προσβολαί͵ ὥσπερ εἰώθεσαν͵ ἐγίγνοντο τῶν Ἀθηναίων ἱππέων (Thucydides, Hist. 3.1.2)
    the Athenian cavalry as usual attacked them

Usage notes[edit]

Only participles are attested for the present tense. The perfect tense is normally used as the present tense, with the pluperfect for the imperfect.

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]