ἔθω

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

PIE word
*swé

From Proto-Indo-European *swe-dʰh₁-, from the reflexive pronoun *swé (self) + *dʰeh₁- (to put, place, set), equivalent to οὗ (hoû, him) + τίθημι (títhēmi, to set): thus the original sense is to "set as one's own". Cognates include Latin suēscō, Sanskrit स्वधा (svadhā) and Gothic 𐍃𐌹𐌳𐌿𐍃 (sidus).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Verb[edit]

ἔθω (éthō)

  1. (with infinitive) I am accustomed, wont to do something
    460 BCE – 395 BCE, Thucydides, Hist. 2.45.1
    τὸν γὰρ οὐκ ὄντα ἅπας εἴωθεν ἐπαινεῖν
    everybody is wont to praise the deceased
    460 BCE – 395 BCE, Thucydides, Hist. 3.1.2
    καὶ προσβολαί͵ ὥσπερ εἰώθεσαν͵ ἐγίγνοντο τῶν Ἀθηναίων ἱππέων
    the Athenian cavalry as usual attacked them

Usage notes[edit]

The present is used only as a participle.

Inflection[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]