ἔθω

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

PIE word
*swé

From Proto-Indo-European *swe-dʰh₁-, from the reflexive pronoun *swé (self) + *dʰeh₁- (to put, place, set), equivalent to οὗ (hoû, him) + τίθημι (títhēmi, to set): thus the original sense is to "set as one's own". Cognates include Latin suēscō, soleō, Sanskrit स्वधा (svadhā) and Gothic 𐍃𐌹𐌳𐌿𐍃 (sidus).

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /é.tʰɔː/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /ˈɛ.tʰo/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /ˈe.θo/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /ˈe.θo/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /ˈe.θo/
  • Verb[edit]

    ἔθω (éthō)

    1. (with infinitive) I am accustomed, wont to do something
      460 BCE – 395 BCE, Thucydides, Hist. 2.45.1
      τὸν γὰρ οὐκ ὄντα ἅπας εἴωθεν ἐπαινεῖν
      tòn gàr ouk ónta hápas eíōthen epaineîn
      everybody is wont to praise the deceased
      460 BCE – 395 BCE, Thucydides, Hist. 3.1.2
      καὶ προσβολαί͵ ὥσπερ εἰώθεσαν͵ ἐγίγνοντο τῶν Ἀθηναίων ἱππέων
      kaì prosbolaí͵ hṓsper eiṓthesan͵ egígnonto tôn Athēnaíōn hippéōn
      the Athenian cavalry as usual attacked them

    Usage notes[edit]

    The present is used only as a participle.

    Inflection[edit]

    Derived terms[edit]

    References[edit]