ἥρως

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *ser- (watch over, protect). Cognate with Latin servō and possibly Ἥρα (Hḗra).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Noun[edit]

ἥρως (hḗrōsm (genitive ἥρωος, third declension)

  1. (Epic) A hero of the Trojan War: any of the major combatants of the Greek or Trojan forces.
  2. (Classical Ancient Greek) A hero or heroine of the ancient Greek religion: a human or demigod whose shrine was celebrated with chthonic rituals organized by local governments.

Usage notes[edit]

Because the root of ἥρως ends with a vowel instead of a consonant, shortenings are common, such as ἥρως for the genitive singular and ἥρῳ for the dative singular.

Inflection[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • ἥρως in Liddell & Scott (1940) A Greek–English Lexicon, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • ἥρως in Liddell & Scott (1889) An Intermediate Greek–English Lexicon, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • ἥρως in Autenrieth, Georg (1891) A Homeric Dictionary for Schools and Colleges, New York: Harper and Brothers
  • «ἥρως» in Bailly, Anatole (1935) Le Grand Bailly: Dictionnaire grec-français, Paris: Hachette
  • «ἥρως» in Cunliffe, Richard J. (1924) A Lexicon of the Homeric Dialect: Expanded Edition, Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, published 1963
  • ἥρως in Slater, William J. (1969) Lexicon to Pindar, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter
  • Woodhouse, S. C. (1910) English–Greek Dictionary: A Vocabulary of the Attic Language[1], London: Routledge & Kegan Paul Limited.