ἱερός

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See also: ιερός

Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *ish₁ros. There are a number of candidate cognates with this word. Compare Sanskrit इषिर (iṣirá) and Oscan 𐌀𐌉𐌔𐌖𐌔𐌉𐌔 (aisusis).

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /hi.e.rós/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /(h)i.ɛˈros/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /i.eˈros/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /i.eˈros/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /i.eˈros/
  • Adjective[edit]

    ῐ̔ερός (hierósm (feminine ῐ̔ερᾱ́, neuter ῐ̔ερόν); first/second declension

    1. Connected with the gods, supernatural
    2. holy, sacred, consecrated
    3. Under divine protection

    Usage notes[edit]

    The ι is generally short in ἱερός (hierós), but sometimes lengthened for the sake of meter in poetry: ῑ̔ερός (hīerós). The contracted form ῑ̔ρός (hīrós) always has long .

    Inflection[edit]

    Derived terms[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    References[edit]