ἵππος

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: ίππος

Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Hellenic *íkkʷos (compare Mycenaean Greek 𐀂𐀦 (i-qo)), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁éḱwos, from *h₁oh₁ḱu- (swift). Unexplained is (hi) for (e). Cognates include Sanskrit अश्व (áśva), Latin equus, Gaulish epos, Old Armenian էշ (ēš, donkey) and Old English eoh.

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Noun[edit]

ῐ̔́ππος (hípposm, f (genitive ῐ̔́ππου); second declension (Epic, Attic, Ionic, Doric, Koine)

  1. a horse, (feminine) a mare
  2. (feminine) cavalry, horsemen

Declension[edit]

Usage Notes[edit]

  • When used as a collective noun ("horse, cavalry"), this word is always feminine singular, even with numerals.
    460 BCE – 420 BCE, Herodotus, Histories 7.41:
    μετὰ δὲ ἵππος ἄλλη χιλίη ἐκ Περσέων ἀπολελεγμένη
    metà dè híppos állē khilíē ek Perséōn apolelegménē
    and after them came another thousand horsemen chosen out from the Persians

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]