ἵππος

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: ίππος

Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Hellenic *íkkʷos (compare Mycenaean Greek 𐀂𐀦 (i-qo)), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁éḱwos, from *h₁oh₁ḱu- (swift). Unexplained is (hi) for (e). Cognates include Sanskrit अश्व (áśva), Latin equus, Gaulish epos, Old Armenian էշ (ēš, donkey) and Old English eoh.

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Noun[edit]

ῐ̔́ππος (hípposm, f (genitive ῐ̔́ππου); second declension (Epic, Attic, Ionic, Doric, Koine)

  1. a horse, (feminine) a mare
  2. (feminine) cavalry, horsemen

Declension[edit]

Usage Notes[edit]

  • When used as a collective noun ("horse, cavalry"), this word is always feminine singular, even with numerals.
    460 BCE – 420 BCE, Herodotus, Histories 7.41
    μετὰ δὲ ἵππος ἄλλη χιλίη ἐκ Περσέων ἀπολελεγμένη
    metà dè híppos állē khilíē ek Perséōn apolelegménē
    and after them came another thousand horsemen chosen out from the Persians

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]