ὄκνος

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See also: οκνός

Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Possibly from Proto-Indo-European *ḱenk- (to hang, tarry), shared with Latin cunctor (I delay, hold up).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Noun[edit]

ὄκνος (óknosm (genitive ὄκνου); second declension

  1. shrinking, hesitation
    • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Iliad 5.817:
      οὔτέ τί με δέος ἴσχει ἀκήριον οὔτέ τις ὄκνος
      oúté tí me déos ískhei akḗrion oúté tis óknos
      neither spiritless fear nor some hesitation holds me back
    • 460 BCE – 395 BCE, Thucydides, History of the Peloponnesian War 7.49:
      ἀντιλέγοντος δὲ τοῦ Νικίου ὄκνος τις καὶ μέλλησις ἐνεγένετο
      antilégontos dè toû Nikíou óknos tis kaì méllēsis enegéneto
      Nicias still objecting, a certain hesitation and indecisiveness arose in [them]

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

  • Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010) Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill