ὄστρακον

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Traditionally held to be related to ὀστέον ‎(ostéon, bone) and ὄστρεον ‎(óstreon, oyster). Beekes considers it more likely to be Pre-Greek, which does not disclude a relation to ὄστρεον ‎(óstreon).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ὄστρακον ‎(óstrakonn ‎(genitive ὀστράκου); second declension

  1. earthen vessel
    1. fragment of such a vessel, potsherd
    2. earthen castanet
  2. the hard shell of animals such as mollusks and turtles
    1. mother of pearl
    2. eggshell

Inflection[edit]

References[edit]

  • LSJ
  • Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010) Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill