きしめん

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Japanese[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Likely a borrowing from early Mandarin 碁子 (qízi miàn) or Cantonese 碁子 (kei4 zi2 min6), or possibly from late Middle Chinese 碁子 (*ghiə *tziə̌ *mien?, literally go-stone dough), imported by Japanese Zen monks who had traveled to China to study. Mentioned in the 貞丈雑記 (Teijō Zakki), a work of historical research written by 伊勢貞丈 (Ise Sadatake) during the years 1763-1784.[1][2]

These were apparently called go-stone dough from the way the dough is punched into shapes resembling the stones used to play (go, the game of go).[2]

Noun[edit]

きしめん (rōmaji kishimen)

  1. (rare) a kind of disc-shaped food similar to a dumpling
    Made by kneading wheat flour into a dough, stretching it out into a long flat strip, and then using the end of a piece of bamboo to punch out disc-shaped dumplings. Boiled and then served sprinkled with nutty-tasting 黄な粉 (kinako, soybean powder).

Etymology 2[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
きしめん (kishimen): a bowl of kishimen, clearly showing the distinctive wide flat noodles.

Unknown. The more likely theories include the following:

  • This style of flat udon noodle was developed in the 紀州 (Kishū) region, leading to one theory that Kishū men (“Kishū noodles”) contracted over time into kishimen.
  • This style of noodle was also sometimes served topped with ground (kiji, pheasant), leading to another theory that kishimen might have been a dialectal or corrupted variant of kiji men (“pheasant noodles”).
  • Lastly, this term might have developed from the kishimen dumpling, by not punching out the dumpling shapes and simply cutting the flat strip of dough into noodles instead.

Noun[edit]

きしめん (rōmaji kishimen)

  1. a style of flat udon noodle particularly popular in Aichi prefecture
Usage notes[edit]

Although kanji spellings exist, this term is most commonly written in hiragana.

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan