Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: and
Japanese Hiragana kyokashotai TU.png
U+3064, つ
HIRAGANA LETTER TU

[U+3063]
Hiragana
[U+3065]

Japanese[edit]

Stroke order
1 stroke

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Derived in the Heian period from writing the man'yōgana kanji in the cursive sōsho style.

Syllable[edit]

(romaji tsu)

  1. The hiragana syllable (tsu). Its equivalent in katakana is (tsu). It is the eighteenth syllable in the gojūon order; its position is (ta-gyō u-dan, row ta, section u).
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

⟨tu⟩/t͡su/

From Old Japanese.

Suffix[edit]

(rōmaji -tsu)

  1. (Classical Japanese, jodōshi) indicates the completion of an action
  2. (Classical Japanese, jodōshi) indicates certainty
  3. (Classical Japanese, jodōshi) indicates affirmation
  4. (Classical Japanese, jodōshi, in the form ...tsu ...tsu) shows parallel action
Usage notes[edit]
  • 下二段活用 (shimo nidan katsuyō, lower bigrade conjugation). Attaches to the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, continuative or stem form) of a verb.
  • (tsu) is mainly used with transitive verbs while (nu) is mainly used with intransitive verbs.
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Old Japanese.

Particle[edit]

(rōmaji tsu)

  1. (archaic, obsolete) genitive case marker
     (とよ) (あし) (はらの) (なかつ) (くに)
    Toyoashihara no Nakatsukuni
    Toyoashihara no Nakatsukuni
Usage notes[edit]

A few terms in modern Japanese have been derived from the case-marker tsu:

See also[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

From Old Japanese.

Likely an extension of genitive case particle sense. (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

Alternative forms[edit]

Counter[edit]

(rōmaji -tsu)

  1. suffixed to Japanese numerals hito-, futa-, mi-, ... , kokono-, used to count almost about anything
    Synonym: (-ko)
Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Etymology 5[edit]

Readings of various kanji.

Noun[edit]

(rōmaji tsu)

  1. : harbor, port; ferry
  2. : saliva, spit

Noun[edit]

(rōmaji Tsu)

  1. : a place name
  2. : a surname