Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
Japanese Hiragana kyokashotai TE.png
U+3066, て
HIRAGANA LETTER TE

[U+3065]
Hiragana
[U+3067]
See also: , ح, ج, خ, and Շ

Japanese[edit]

Stroke order
1 stroke

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Derived in the Heian period from writing the man'yōgana kanji in the cursive sōsho style.

Syllable[edit]

(romaji te)

  1. The hiragana syllable (te). Its equivalent in katakana is (te). It is the nineteenth syllable in the gojūon order; its position is (ta-gyō e-dan, row ta, section e).
Derived terms[edit]
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

(rōmaji te)

  1. : hand

Etymology 3[edit]

From the continuative form (連用形) of the auxiliary verb .

Particle[edit]

(rōmaji te)

  1. Links two or more phrases.
    1. Links actions that happen successively.
       (いえ) (かえ)、テレビを ()た。
      Ie ni kaette, terebi o mita.
      Returned home and watched TV.
    2. Indicates reason.
      説明 (せつめい)上手 (じょうず)、よくわかった。
      Setsumei ga jōzu de, yoku wakatta.
      The explanation was great so I understood it well.
    3. Indicates method.
       (ある)
      aruite
      on foot
    4. Lists things in parallel.
       (おお)きく (あま)いりんごを ()べました。
      Ōkikute amai ringo o tabemashita.
      I had a big, sweet apple.
    5. () Shows emphasis or repetition.
  2. Request maker sentence-final particle.
     (たす)
    Tasukete!
    Help!
  3. Alternative form of って, used after an sound.
    こまちゃん ()うな――!!
    Koma-chan te iuna――!!
    Don't call me Koma-chan!
Usage notes[edit]
  • Attaches to the continuative form (連用形) of verbs and adjectives, and adverbs. For godan (Group I) verbs, contraction rules might apply, and the might subsequently become a . For na-adjectives (形容動詞), one simply changes the copula to , which is a contraction of . Textbooks intended for non-native speakers might treat “continuative + ” as a conjugated form for verbs (and adjectives) called the te-form (て形/テ形) or the conjunctive form. What applies to the particle in “school grammar” applies to the te-form in alternate grammar systems.
  • In formal writing, one often drops the phrase linker (along with any contraction) and uses the continuative form to make pauses mid-sentence, except when the carries a meaning such as reason or condition. This is called 連用中止.
  • The verb before does not indicate tense. However, there are two ways to show negativity: なくて and ないで.
  • The particle (or the te-form) is also used in many grammatical expressions.