アイス

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Japanese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from English ice.[1][2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

アイス ‎(romaji aisu)

  1. ice
  2. sorbet, ice pop; ice cream
  3. (slang, archaic, c. mid-late Meiji period) loan shark, usurer

Usage notes[edit]

In the sense of usurer, this word emerged as a play on words, as 高利貸し ‎(kōrigashi, usurer, literally high-interest lender) and 氷菓子 ‎(kōrigashi, ice pop, literally frozen dessert) have the same readings. This led to usurers being referred to as アイスキャンディー ‎(aisukyandī, ice pop, literally ice candy), shortened to just アイス (aisu).[1][2]

Synonyms[edit]

  1. , (kōri); , (hi)
  2. 氷菓子 (kōrigashi); 氷菓 (hyōka)

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9