シャベル

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See also: しゃべる

Japanese[edit]

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 シャベル on Japanese Wikipedia
シャベル (shaberu): various shovels.

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from English shovel.[1][2][3][4]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

シャベル (rōmaji shaberu)

  1. a shovel

Usage notes[edit]

The term シャベル (shaberu) appears to be the most general term for a shovel used by hand.

The Japanese Industrial Standards define a distinction between ショベル (shoberu) (notably not シャベル (shaberu)) and スコップ (sukoppu), stating that a hand ショベル (shoberu) has a footrest on the back of the blade of the shovel where the user can place their foot for greater leverage, while a スコップ (sukoppu) has no such footrest.

A large shovel as part of construction equipment appears to be more commonly called a ショベル (shoberu). However, even in this context, シャベル (shaberu) is also used.

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, ISBN 4-09-501211-0
  3. ^ 1998, 広辞苑 (Kōjien), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Iwanami Shoten, ISBN 4000801112
  4. 4.0 4.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  5. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3