パン

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Ainu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Japanese パン, from Portuguese pão (bread), from Latin pānem, accusative singular form of pānis (bread). Compare French pain, Italian pane, Romanian pâine, Spanish pan.

Noun[edit]

パン (pan)

  1. bread

References[edit]

  • John Batchelor (1905) An Ainu-English-Japanese dictionary (including a grammar of the Ainu language)[1], Tokyo, London: Methodist Publishing House; Kegan Paul, Trench, Trubner Co.

Japanese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Alternative spellings
麵麭 (rare)
麺麭 (rare)
麺𮮆 (rare)
麺包 (rare)
麪包 (rare)

From Portuguese pão (bread),[3][2] from Latin pānem, accusative singular form of pānis (bread). Compare French pain, Italian pane, Romanian pâine, Spanish pan.

Noun[edit]

パン (pan

  1. bread, pastries, any baked good with a crust (a type of food)
Usage notes[edit]
  • The kanji spellings 麺麭, 麺包, and 麪包 are examples of jukujikun. Use of these spellings is extremely rare in modern Japanese.
  • While usually translated as 'bread', the term also covers a wide variety of baked goods that would not be called bread in English. This includes bread-like sweets like brioche, filled puff pastries and similar items, as well as various Asian steamed dough dumplings.
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Ainu: パン (pan)
  • Amis: epang
  • Bunun: paang
  • Hakka: 𮮆 (pháng)
  • Korean: (ppang)
  • Min Nan: 𮮆 (pháng)
  • Paiwan: pang
  • Rukai: pange
  • Saaroa: pangʉ

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from English pan.[3][2]

Noun[edit]

パン (pan

  1. a pan (flat vessel used for cooking)
  2. a pan shot (a film shot where the camera is turned horizontally)
Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

パンする (pan surusuru (stem パン (pansuru shi), past パンした (pansuru shita))

  1. to pan (to turn a camera horizontally)
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Ultimately from Ancient Greek Πάν (Pán). (This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Proper noun[edit]

パン (Pan

  1. (Greek mythology) Pan
  2. (astronomy) Pan
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ NHK Broadcasting Culture Research Institute, editor (1998), NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 [NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK Publishing, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006), 大辞林 (in Japanese), Third edition, Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. 3.0 3.1 Shōgaku Tosho (1988) 国語大辞典(新装版) [Unabridged Dictionary of Japanese (Revised Edition)] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN