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See also: , [U+2013 EN DASH], - [U+002D HYPHEN-MINUS], [U+2212 MINUS SIGN], [U+2014 EM DASH], [U+30FC KATAKANA-HIRAGANA PROLONGED SOUND MARK], [U+4E28 CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4E28], [U+3127 BOPOMOFO LETTER I], and [U+4EA0 CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4EA0]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
一-order.gif

Alternative forms[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 1 +0, 1 stroke, cangjie input 一 (M), four-corner 10000)

  1. Kangxi radical №1
  2. Shuōwén Jiězì radical №1

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 75, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1
  • Dae Jaweon: page 129, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 1, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+4E00

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms financial

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
一-oracle.svg 一-bronze.svg 一-silk.svg 一-bigseal.svg 一-seal.svg





References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

A horizontal stroke, indicating the number one.

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *ʔit. Descendants from the *ʔit etymon account for the majority of the dialectal forms for ONE in Chinese (Mandarin, Jin, Gan, Hakka, Hui, Xiang, Yue groups, etc.).

In Min, an additional unrelated form is found and used as the colloquial reading for ONE. Compare:

Fuzhou/Fuding suoʔ8, Fuqing θyo8, Gutian syøʔ8, Ningde søʔ8, Zhouning sɔʔ8, Putian ɬoʔ8, Xiamen/Quanzhou/Yongchun/Zhangzhou tsit̚8, Leizhou/Haikou ziak8, Longyan tse4, Youxiu ɕie7, Jian'ou/Songxi tsi5, Jianyang tsi8, Jian'ou tsi5.

Whether all of the forms above are related and their origins remain unelucidated; they may be derived from (cf. ‎(single, alone)), (< *tjak ~ g-t(j)ik) or .

Some Min Zhong dialects use and for ONE.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (34)
Final () (48)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔiɪt̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔit̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔjet̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔit̚/
Li
Rong
/ʔiĕt̚/
Wang
Li
/ĭĕt̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔi̯ĕt̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yi
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ ʔjit ›
Old
Chinese
/*ʔi[t]/
English one

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 14833
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qliɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. one (numeral, adjective and noun)
    • /   ―  cháng duǎn  ―  one short and one long
  2. each
  3. single, alone
  4. whole entire, all, throughout
  5. same, identical
    • 大小  ―  dàxiǎo bù   ―  having different sizes
  6. (literary) another
    • 蟋蟀促織 / 蟋蟀促织  ―  xīshuài, míng cùzhī  ―  Crickets, also called cùzhī [lit. another name [being] cùzhī].
  7. With the verb modified reduplicated, expressing the transience of the verb.
    1. Indicating that the action has occurred only once.
      •   ―  kàn kàn  ―  to have a look
    2. Indicating the intention to try.
      •   ―  suàn suàn  ―  to try to calculate it
  8. once; as soon as; upon
  9. (literary) for the first time, at the beginning
  10. (literary) surprisingly, unexpectedly

See also[edit]

Chinese numbers
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 102 103 104 108 1012
Cardinal

亿
Financial




亿

Compounds[edit]

Appendix:Chinese compounds/一

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. one
  2. "one" radical (いち)

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (financial or formal)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Sinitic , from Old Chinese *?yit.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana いち, romaji ichi)

  1. one, 1
  2. the beginning
  3. unity

Numeral[edit]

Japanese cardinal numbers
 <  0 1 2  > 
    Cardinal :

‎(hiragana いち, romaji ichi)

  1. (cardinal) one, 1
Idioms[edit]
  • からやり直す
    いちからやりなおす
    ichi kara yarinaosu
    start over from scratch
  • からまで
    いちからじゅうまで
    ichi karamade
    (literally. from one to ten)
    all, without exception; from A to Z
  • 一か八か
    いちかばちか
    ichi ka bachi ka
    it's a gamble; sink or swim
  • 一もにも無く
    いちもにもなく
    ichi mo ni mo naku
    unhesitatingly

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana いつ, romaji itsu)

  1. one

Etymology 3[edit]

From Old Japanese.

/hito2/: [pitə] > [ɸitə] > [ɸito] > [çito]

Pronunciation[edit]

Number[edit]

‎(hiragana ひと, romaji hito)

  1. (cardinal) one

Etymology 4[edit]

From 始め ‎(hajime, beginning, first), stem noun form of verb 始める ‎(hajimeru, to begin something). The use of the kanji for the reading hajime is an example of 熟字訓 ‎(jukujikun).

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

‎(hiragana はじめ, romaji Hajime)

  1. A male given name

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(il)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: il, McCune-Reischauer: il, Yale: il)
  • Name (hangeul): 하나, 한 (revised: han, McCune-Reischauer: han, Yale: han)
  1. one

Numeral[edit]

‎(il) ‎(hangeul )

  1. (cardinal) one

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(nhất, nhắt, nhật, nhứt, chí, chiêu, chinh)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

References[edit]