不知火

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
しらぬ ひ > い
Grade: 1
Grade: 4 Grade: 2
jukujikun kun’yomi
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Etymology[edit]

/ɕiranu ɸi//ɕiranuwi//ɕiranui/

From 知らぬ (shiranu, unknown, archaic negative form of 知る (shiru), “to know) +‎ (hi, fire). Literally “unknown fire”, incorporating the 不知 kanbun or Chinese-derived spelling for the 知らぬ (shiranu, not know(n), unknown) portion.[1]

First attested in a text from 1470.[2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

不知(しらぬ)() (shiranuiしらぬひ (siranufi)?

  1. [from 1470] a marine will o' the wisp, more specifically one seen off the coasts of Kyushu in the Yatsushiro Sea or Ariake Sea
    Synonyms: 陰火 (inka), 鬼火 (onibi), 狐火 (kitsunebi), 野火 (yaka), 幽霊火 (yūreibi)

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

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不知(しらぬ)() (Shiranuiしらぬひ (Siranufi)?

  1. a place name
  2. a surname

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 不知火”, in 日本国語大辞典 (Nihon Kokugo Daijiten, Nihon Kokugo Daijiten)[1] (in Japanese), 2nd edition, Tōkyō: Shogakukan, 2000, →ISBN
  3. 3.0 3.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  5. 5.0 5.1 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN