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U+4E32, 串
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4E32

[U+4E31]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4E33]
U+F905, 串
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-F905

[U+F904]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+F906]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 2 +6, 7 strokes, cangjie input 中中 (LL), four-corner 50006, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 80, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 80
  • Dae Jaweon: page 162, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 30, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+4E32

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script
串-bronze.svg 串-silk.svg 串-bigseal.svg


References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

Pictogram (象形) – objects strung together.

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with 穿 (OC *kʰljon, *kʰljons, “to pierce through; to wear”), (OC *koːn, *koːns, “to penetrate”).

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • chhǹg - vernacular;
  • chhoàn - literary.

Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 1647
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʰjons/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to string together; to link up
  2. string; chain; series
  3. skewer
  4. Classifier for strung, bunched or clustered objects.
    珠子  ―  chuàn zhūzǐ  ―  a string of beads
    鞭炮  ―  chuàn biānpào  ―  a string of firecrackers
    葡萄  ―  chuàn pútáo  ―  a bunch of grapes
  5. to gang up on; to conspire; to collaborate
  6. to cross; to criss-cross; to traverse to; to mix (undesirably)
  7. to pay a visit to; to visit; to move about
  8. to play (a role); to act
  9. (Cantonese) to spell (a word in Roman letters)
  10. (Cantonese, slang, may be derived from 串聯 during the Cultural Revolution) cocksure; arrogant; cocky
  11. (Cantonese, slang) sarcastic

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (70)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠuanH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʷᵚanH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kuɐnH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kwaɨnH/
Li
Rong
/kuanH/
Wang
Li
/kwanH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kwanH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
guàn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
guàn
Middle
Chinese
‹ kwænH ›
Old
Chinese
/*kˤro[n]-s/
English custom

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 1646
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kroːns/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to get close to; to fawn on; to be obsequious to; to curry favour with
  2. people on intimate terms
  3. habit; custom
  4. to joke; to banter

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. spit, skewer

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Kanji in this term
くし
Grade: S
kun’yomi

From Old Japanese.[1] Appears in the Nihon Shoki, finished CE 720.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana くし, rōmaji kushi)

  1. a skewer, a spit
  2. a candle's wick
  3. a tamagushi: a branch of a sakaki tree used as a Shintō offering
    12th century, Konjaku Monogatarishū (book 24, story 51)
     () () (へい) (くし)書付 (かきつけ)て...
    sono gohei no kushi ni kakitsukete
    (please add an English translation of this example)
  4. (slang, computing) a proxy server
    中国 (ちゅうごく) (くし)
    Chūgoku kushi
    Chinese proxy

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana くし, rōmaji Kushi)

  1. A surname​.

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

Eumhun 1[edit]

Eumhun 2[edit]

  • Sound: (gwan)
  • Meaning: (kkwel)
    1. to string together; to link up
    2. to get close to; to fawn on; to be obsequious to; to curry favour with

Eumhun 3[edit]

  • Sound: (cheon)
  • Meaning: 꿰미 (kkwemi)
    1. string; chain; series

Eumhun 4[edit]

References[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(xuyến, quán, xiên, xuyên)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]