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U+4E32, 串
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4E32

[U+4E31]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4E33]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 2 +6, 7 strokes, cangjie input 中中 (LL), four-corner 50006, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 80, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 80
  • Dae Jaweon: page 162, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 30, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+4E32

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script
串-bronze.svg 串-silk.svg 串-bigseal.svg


References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

Pictogram (象形) – objects strung together.

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with 穿 (OC *kʰljon, *kʰljons, “to pierce through; to wear”), (OC *koːn, *koːns, “to penetrate”).

Pronunciation 1[edit]



Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 1647
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʰjons/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to string together; to link up
  2. string; chain; series
  3. skewer
  4. Classifier for strung, bunched or clustered objects.
    珠子  ―  chuàn zhūzǐ  ―  a string of beads
    鞭炮  ―  chuàn biānpào  ―  a string of firecrackers
    葡萄  ―  chuàn pútáo  ―  a bunch of grapes
  5. to gang up on; to conspire; to collaborate
  6. to cross; to criss-cross; to traverse to; to mix (undesirably)
  7. to pay a visit to; to visit; to move about
  8. to play (a role); to act
  9. (Cantonese) to spell (a word in Roman letters)
  10. (Cantonese, slang, may be derived from 串聯 during the Cultural Revolution) cocksure; arrogant; cocky
  11. (Cantonese, slang) sarcastic

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (70)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠuanH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʷᵚanH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kuɐnH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kwaɨnH/
Li
Rong
/kuanH/
Wang
Li
/kwanH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kwanH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
guàn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
guàn
Middle
Chinese
‹ kwænH ›
Old
Chinese
/*kˤro[n]-s/
English custom

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 1646
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kroːns/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to get close to; to fawn on; to be obsequious to; to curry favour with
  2. people on intimate terms
  3. habit; custom
  4. to joke; to banter

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Kanji in this term
くし
Grade: S
kun'yomi

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana くし, romaji kushi)

  1. skewer
  2. (slang, computing) proxy server
    中国 (ちゅうごく) (くし)使 (つか)わないと
    chūgoku kushi o tsukawanai to
    if you don't use a China proxy server

Synonyms[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(got, gwan, cheon, chan)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul): , , ,  (revised: got, gwan, cheon, chan, McCune-Reischauer: kot, kwan, ch'ŏn, ch'an)
  • Name (hangeul): 땅 이름, , 꿰미, 꼬챙이 (revised: ttang ireum, kkwel, kkwemi, kkochaengi, McCune-Reischauer: ttang irǔm, kkwel, kkwemi,, kkoch'aengi)
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(xuyến, quán, xiên, xuyên)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]