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U+4E32, 串
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4E32

[U+4E31]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4E33]
U+F905, 串
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-F905

[U+F904]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+F906]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 2, +6, 7 strokes, cangjie input 中中 (LL), four-corner 50006, composition or ⿻)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 80, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 80
  • Dae Jaweon: page 162, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 30, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+4E32

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Warring States Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Transcribed ancient scripts
串-bronze-shang.svg 串-silk.svg 串-bigseal.svg


References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

Pictogram (象形) – objects strung together.

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with 穿 (OC *kʰljon, *kʰljons, “to pierce through; to wear”), (OC *koːn, *koːns, “to penetrate”).

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • chhǹg - vernacular;
  • chhoàn - literary.
  • Wu

  • Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 1647
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    3
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kʰjons/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to string together; to link up
    2. string; chain; series
    3. skewer
    4. Classifier for strung, bunched or clustered objects.
      珠子  ―  chuàn zhūzǐ  ―  a string of beads
      鞭炮  ―  chuàn biānpào  ―  a string of firecrackers
      葡萄  ―  chuàn pútáo  ―  a bunch of grapes
    5. to gang up on; to conspire; to collaborate
    6. to cross; to criss-cross; to traverse to; to mix (undesirably)
    7. to pay a visit to; to visit; to move about
    8. to play (a role); to act
    9. (Cantonese) to spell (a word in Roman letters)
    10. (Cantonese, slang, may be derived from 串聯 during the Cultural Revolution) cocksure; arrogant; cocky
    11. (Cantonese, slang) sarcastic

    Compounds[edit]

    Pronunciation 2[edit]



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (28)
    Final () (70)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kˠuanH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kʷᵚanH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kuɐnH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kwaɨnH/
    Li
    Rong
    /kuanH/
    Wang
    Li
    /kwanH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kwanH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    guàn
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    guàn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ kwænH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kˤro[n]-s/
    English custom

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 1646
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    3
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kroːns/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to get close to; to fawn on; to be obsequious to; to curry favour with
    2. people on intimate terms
    3. habit; custom
    4. to joke; to banter

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. spit, skewer

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja
    Kanji in this term
    くし
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi

    From Old Japanese.[1] Appears in the Nihon Shoki, finished CE 720.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana くし, rōmaji kushi)

    1. a skewer, a spit
    2. a candle's wick
    3. a tamagushi: a branch of a sakaki tree used as a Shintō offering
      12th century, Konjaku Monogatarishū (book 24, story 51)
       () () (へい) (くし)書付 (かきつけ)て...
      sono gohei no kushi ni kakitsukete
      (please add an English translation of this example)
    4. (slang, computing) a proxy server
      中国 (ちゅうごく) (くし)
      Chūgoku kushi
      Chinese proxy

    Synonyms[edit]

    Derived terms[edit]

    Proper noun[edit]

    (hiragana くし, rōmaji Kushi)

    1. A surname​.

    References[edit]

    1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
    2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    Eumhun 1[edit]

    Eumhun 2[edit]

    • Sound: (gwan)
    • Meaning: (kkwel)
      1. to string together; to link up
      2. to get close to; to fawn on; to be obsequious to; to curry favour with

    Eumhun 3[edit]

    • Sound: (cheon)
    • Meaning: 꿰미 (kkwemi)
      1. string; chain; series

    Eumhun 4[edit]

    References[edit]


    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (xuyến, quán, xiên, xuyên)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    References[edit]