主義

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Chinese[edit]

 
to own; to host; master; lord; primary
justice; righteousness; meaning
trad. (主義)
simp. (主义)

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (主義, reconstructed)
Character (主), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 章 (23)
Final: 虞
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 之庾切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕɨoX/ /t͡ɕi̯uX/ /t͡ɕioX/ /t͡ɕioX/ /cuə̆X/ /t͡ɕĭuX/ /t͡ɕioX/
Character (義), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 疑 (31)
Final: 支
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 宜寄切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋiᴇH/ /ŋie̯H/ /ŋieH/ /ŋiɛH/ /ŋiə̆H/ /ŋǐeH/ /ŋjɛH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (主義, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
zhǔ ‹ tsyuX › /*toʔ/ master; host
‹ ngjeH › /*ŋ(r)aj-s/ duty; justice

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
17618 0 /*tjoʔ/
13045 1 /*ŋrals/

Noun[edit]

主義

  1. doctrine; -ism

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (主義):


Japanese[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Kanji in this term
しゅ
Grade: 3

Grade: 5
on'yomi

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese 主義 ‎(tsyuX ngjeH, principle, set belief). The word was already in use in Chinese with this meaning in the 史記 ‎(Shǐjì, Records of the Grand Historian), completed around 100 BCE.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

主義 ‎(hiragana しゅぎ, romaji shugi)

  1. a principle or set of principles, a doctrine, an ism
    あの (ひと)主義 (しゅぎ) (もと)づいて契約 (けいやく)拒絶 (きょぜつ)するはずです。
    Ano hito wa shugi ni motozuite keiyaku o kyozetsu suru hazu desu.
    I expect they will reject the contract on principle.

Suffix[edit]

主義 ‎(hiragana しゅぎ, romaji -shugi)

  1. -ism

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  • 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, ISBN 4095102535.

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this word

Noun[edit]

主義 ‎(juui) ‎(hangeul 주의)

  1. Hanja form? of 주의, “-ism”.

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this word

Noun[edit]

主義

  1. Hán tự form of chủ nghĩa, "-ism; doctrine (unlike other CJKV languages, it's a prefix in Vietnamese, not a suffix)"