五月雨

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Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

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Kanji in this term
Grade: 1 Grade: 1 Grade: 1
Irregular

Compound of (sa-, prefix meaning "early") and an uncertain みだれ (midare), likely thought to be 水垂れ (midare, water fall).[1][2]

The kanji spelling is jukujikun (熟字訓), from Satsuki-ame (see below).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Irregular reading)

Noun[edit]

五月雨 (hiragana さみだれ, rōmaji samidare)

  1. a heavy rain that occurs around the fifth lunar month; an early summer rain
    • 16031604, Nippo Jisho (page 552)[3]
      Samidare. サミダレ (五月雨) Goguatno ame. (五月の雨) Nagaxi (ながし)と呼ばれる, [陰暦]五月の雨.
    Synonyms: 卯の花腐し (unohana-kudashi), 梅雨 (tsuyu, baiu), 長雨 (nagame), 麦雨 (bakuu), 緑雨 (ryokuu)
    Antonym: 五月晴れ (Satsuki-bare)
    Hypernym: (ame)
  2. (figuratively) that which repeats over and over without lasting long
Derived terms[edit]
See also[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

五月雨 (hiragana さみだれ, rōmaji Samidare)

  1. a Shiratsuyu-class destroyer of the Imperial Japanese Navy during World War II (see Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg Japanese destroyer Samidare (1935) on Wikipedia.Wikipedia )
    Hypernym: 白露 (Shiratsuyu)
  2. a place name
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: 1 つき
Grade: 1
あめ
Grade: 1
Irregular

Compound of 五月, 皐月 (Satsuki, fifth lunar month) +‎ (ame, rain).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Irregular reading)
    • (Tokyo) きあ [sàtsúkíáꜜmè] (Nakadaka – [4])[2]
    • (Tokyo) あめ [sàtsúkíꜜàmè] (Nakadaka – [3])
    • IPA(key): [sa̠t͡sɨ̥ᵝkʲia̠me̞]

Noun[edit]

五月雨 (hiragana さつきあめ, rōmaji Satsuki-ame)

  1. a heavy rain that occurs around the fifth lunar month; an early summer rain.
    • 16031604, Nippo Jisho (page 560)[3]
      Satçuqiame. (サツキアメ) (皐月雨) Samidare (五月雨)に同じ. [陰暦]五月の雨.
    Synonyms: 梅雨 (tsuyu, baiu), 緑雨 (ryokuu)
    Antonym: 五月晴れ (Satsuki-bare)
    Hypernym: (ame)

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. 3.0 3.1 Doi, Tadao (1603–1604) Hōyaku Nippo Jisho (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Iwanami Shoten, published 1980, →ISBN.