五月雨

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Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: 1 Grade: 1 Grade: 1
Irregular

A compound of prefix (sa) and midare. The initially /sa/ is a prefix meaning early and is cognate with that found in 五月 (satsuki) and 早乙女 (saotome). /midare/ is likely 水垂れ (midare, water fall). Literally "rain of the fifth month", does not refer to May but to the fifth month in the lunar calendar.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Irregular reading)
  • (Tokyo) みだれ [sàmídáré] (Heiban - [0])
  • IPA(key): [sa̠mida̠ɺ̠e̞]

Noun[edit]

五月雨 (hiragana さみだれ, romaji samidare)

  1. a heavy rain that occurs around the fifth lunar moon; an early summer rain
    • 16031604, Nippo Jisho (page 552)
      Samidare. サミダレ (五月雨) Goguatno ame. (五月の雨) Nagaxi (ながし)と呼ばれる, [陰暦]五月の雨.
  2. that which repeats over and over without lasting long

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: 1 Grade: 1 あめ
Grade: 1
Irregular

A compound of 五月 (satsuki, fifth lunar moon) +‎ (ame, rain).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Irregular reading)
  • (Tokyo) つきあ [sàtsúkíáꜜmè] (Nakadaka - [4])
  • (Tokyo) つきあめ [sàtsúkíꜜàmè] (Nakadaka - [3])
  • IPA(key): [sa̠t͡sɯᵝkʲia̠me̞]

Noun[edit]

五月雨 (hiragana さつきあめ, romaji satsukiame)

  1. a heavy rain that occurs around the fifth lunar moon; an early summer rain
    • 16031604, Nippo Jisho (page 560)
      Satçuqiame. (サツキアメ) (皐月雨) Samidare (五月雨)に同じ. [陰暦]五月の雨.

References[edit]