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See also: TCP
U+4EF0, 仰
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4EF0

[U+4EEF]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4EF1]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 9, +4, 6 strokes, cangjie input 人竹女中 (OHVL), four-corner 27220, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 94, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 400
  • Dae Jaweon: page 199, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 125, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+4EF0

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
Wikipedia has an article on:

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
仰-seal.svg



References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note: literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /iɑŋ²¹⁴/
Harbin /iaŋ²¹³/
Tianjin /iɑŋ¹³/
Jinan /iaŋ⁵⁵/
Qingdao /iaŋ⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /iaŋ⁵³/
Xi'an /niaŋ⁵³/
/iaŋ⁵³/
Xining /iɔ̃⁵³/
Yinchuan /iɑŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /iɑ̃⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /iɑŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /iaŋ⁴²/
Chengdu /iaŋ⁵³/
Guiyang /niaŋ⁴²/
Kunming /niã̠⁵³/
Nanjing /liaŋ²¹²/
Hefei /iɑ̃⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /iɒ̃⁵³/
Pingyao /iɑŋ⁵³/
Hohhot /iɑ̃⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /ȵiã³⁵/
/ȵiã²³/
Suzhou /ȵiã⁵¹/
Hangzhou /ȵiɑŋ⁵³/
Wenzhou /ȵi³⁵/
Hui Shexian /nia³⁵/
Tunxi /ȵiau³¹/
Xiang Changsha /ȵian⁴¹/
Xiangtan /ȵian⁴²/
Gan Nanchang /ȵiɔŋ²¹³/
Hakka Meixian
Taoyuan /ŋioŋ³¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jœŋ²³/
Nanning /jœŋ²⁴/
Hong Kong /jœŋ¹³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /giɔŋ⁵³/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /nyoŋ³²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ŋiɔŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /ŋiaŋ⁵³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /niaŋ²¹³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (31)
Final () (105)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ŋɨɐŋX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ŋiɐŋX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋiɑŋX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ŋɨaŋX/
Li
Rong
/ŋiaŋX/
Wang
Li
/ŋĭaŋX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋi̯aŋX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yǎng
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yǎng
Middle
Chinese
‹ ngjangX ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.ŋaŋʔ/
English lift the face, look up

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 31
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ŋaŋʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to raise the head to look
  2. to look up to; to admire
  3. to face upward; to flip
  4. to trace back
  5. Used in official documents in the old days; shows deference to a superior, and hope to a subordinate.
  6. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]


Note:
  • yǎng - Mainland and Taiwan standard;
  • yàng - obsolete.
  • Min Nan
  • Note: vernacular.

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /iɑŋ²¹⁴/
    Harbin /iaŋ²¹³/
    Tianjin /iɑŋ¹³/
    Jinan /iaŋ⁵⁵/
    Qingdao /iaŋ⁵⁵/
    Zhengzhou /iaŋ⁵³/
    Xi'an /niaŋ⁵³/
    /iaŋ⁵³/
    Xining /iɔ̃⁵³/
    Yinchuan /iɑŋ⁵³/
    Lanzhou /iɑ̃⁴⁴²/
    Ürümqi /iɑŋ⁵¹/
    Wuhan /iaŋ⁴²/
    Chengdu /iaŋ⁵³/
    Guiyang /niaŋ⁴²/
    Kunming /niã̠⁵³/
    Nanjing /liaŋ²¹²/
    Hefei /iɑ̃⁵⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /iɒ̃⁵³/
    Pingyao /iɑŋ⁵³/
    Hohhot /iɑ̃⁵³/
    Wu Shanghai /ȵiã³⁵/
    /ȵiã²³/
    Suzhou /ȵiã⁵¹/
    Hangzhou /ȵiɑŋ⁵³/
    Wenzhou /ȵi³⁵/
    Hui Shexian /nia³⁵/
    Tunxi /ȵiau³¹/
    Xiang Changsha /ȵian⁴¹/
    Xiangtan /ȵian⁴²/
    Gan Nanchang /ȵiɔŋ²¹³/
    Hakka Meixian
    Taoyuan /ŋioŋ³¹/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /jœŋ²³/
    Nanning /jœŋ²⁴/
    Hong Kong /jœŋ¹³/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /giɔŋ⁵³/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /nyoŋ³²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ŋiɔŋ²¹/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /ŋiaŋ⁵³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /niaŋ²¹³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (31)
    Final () (105)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ŋɨɐŋH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ŋiɐŋH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ŋiɑŋH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ŋɨaŋH/
    Li
    Rong
    /ŋiaŋH/
    Wang
    Li
    /ŋĭaŋH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ŋi̯aŋH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    yàng
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 33
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    𨋕
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ŋaŋs/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to rely on

    Compounds[edit]

    Pronunciation 3[edit]

    simp. and trad.
    alternative forms


    Definitions[edit]

    1. Alternative form of (áng, “high”).

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. face-up
    2. look up
    3. depend
    4. seek
    5. respect
    6. revere
    7. drink
    8. take

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Related terms[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eum (ang))

    1. to raise the head to look
    2. to look up; to rely on; to admire

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Nôm readings: ngưỡng, ngẳng, ngẵng, ngãng, khưỡng, ngẩng, ngẫng, ngửng

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    References[edit]