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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Small seal script
仰-seal.svg



References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

Han character[edit]

(radical 9 +4, 6 strokes, cangjie input 人竹女中 (OHVL), four-corner 27220, composition)

  1. raise the head to look
  2. look up to, admire
  3. rely on

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 94, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 400
  • Dae Jaweon: page 199, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 125, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+4EF0

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /iɑŋ²¹⁴/
Harbin /iaŋ²¹³/
Tianjin /iɑŋ¹³/
Jinan /iaŋ⁵⁵/
Qingdao /iaŋ⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /iaŋ⁵³/
Xi'an /niaŋ⁵³/
/iaŋ⁵³/
Xining /iɔ̃⁵³/
Yinchuan /iɑŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /iɑ̃⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /iɑŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /iaŋ⁴²/
Chengdu /iaŋ⁵³/
Guiyang /niaŋ⁴²/
Kunming /niã̠⁵³/
Nanjing /liaŋ²¹²/
Hefei /iɑ̃⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /iɒ̃⁵³/
Pingyao /iɑŋ⁵³/
Hohhot /iɑ̃⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /ȵiã³⁵/
/ȵiã²³/
Suzhou /ȵiã⁵¹/
Hangzhou /ȵiɑŋ⁵³/
Wenzhou /ȵi³⁵/
Hui Shexian /nia³⁵/
Tunxi /ȵiau³¹/
Xiang Changsha /ȵian⁴¹/
Xiangtan /ȵian⁴²/
Gan Nanchang /ȵiɔŋ²¹³/
Hakka Meixian
Taoyuan /ŋioŋ³¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jœŋ²³/
Nanning /jœŋ²⁴/
Hong Kong /jœŋ¹³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /giɔŋ⁵³/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /nyoŋ³²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ŋiɔŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /ŋiaŋ⁵³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /niaŋ²¹³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (31) (31)
Final () (105) (105)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ŋɨɐŋX/ /ŋɨɐŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ŋiɐŋX/ /ŋiɐŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋiɑŋX/ /ŋiɑŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ŋɨaŋX/ /ŋɨaŋH/
Li
Rong
/ŋiaŋX/ /ŋiaŋH/
Wang
Li
/ŋĭaŋX/ /ŋĭaŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋi̯aŋX/ /ŋi̯aŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yǎng yàng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yǎng
Middle
Chinese
‹ ngjangX ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.ŋaŋʔ/
English lift the face, look up

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 31 33
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
𨋕
Old
Chinese
/*ŋaŋʔ/ /*ŋaŋs/

Definitions[edit]

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ang) (hangeul , revised ang, McCune-Reischauer ang)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(ngưỡng)

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