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U+4F13, 伓
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4F13

[U+4F12]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4F14]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 9, +4, 6 strokes, cangjie input 人一火 (OMF), four-corner 21290, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 96, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 446
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 119, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+4F13

Chinese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“mighty”).
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

Etymology 2[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“no, not”).
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

Etymology 3[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“back; behind; betray”).
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

Etymology 4[edit]

simp. and trad.
alternative forms Min Nan
Teochew

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. (Min) not
    / [Min Dong]  ―  n̂g-gōng / [(ŋ̍-)ŋ̍²⁴²⁻⁵³ (k-)ŋouŋ³³] [Bàng-uâ-cê / IPA]  ―  not speak; not say; needless to say
    [Min Dong]  ―  n̂g-siàng / [(ŋ̍-)n̩²⁴²⁻⁵⁵ (s-)niaŋ⁵³] [Bàng-uâ-cê / IPA]  ―  inappropriate; unwilling
    [Min Dong]  ―  n̂g-báik / [(ŋ̍-)m̩²⁴²⁻⁵³ (p-)maiʔ²⁴] [Bàng-uâ-cê / IPA]  ―  not know
    [Min Dong]  ―  Kó̤-n̂g-kó̤ / [kʰo²¹³⁻²¹ (ŋ̍-)ŋ̍²⁴²⁻⁵³ (kʰ-)ŋɔ²¹³] [Bàng-uâ-cê / IPA]  ―  Do you want to go?
Usage notes[edit]
  • In Min Dong, this particle changes its pronunciation depending on the initial of the following syllable: n̂g (velar and null initials); m̂ (labial initials); n̂ (dental initials). Orthographically, all the complementary pronunciations are written as ‹n̂g› (or ‹ng› in Maclay (1929)).
    • In addition to this, all three forms have an emphatic form: îng.
  • This particle is not used alone; its tone is inferred from tone sandhi patterns.
Synonyms[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]

  • On (unclassified): はい (hai); (he); (hi)