- KangXi: page 96, character 8
- Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 446
- Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 119, character 3
- Unihan data for U+4F13
- zdic.net (Han Dian)
|For pronunciation and definitions of 伓 – see 伾 (“mighty”).
(This character, 伓, is a variant form of 伾.)
|For pronunciation and definitions of 伓 – see 不 (“no, not”).
(This character, 伓, is a variant form of 不.)
|For pronunciation and definitions of 伓 – see 背 (“back; behind; betray”).
(This character, 伓, is a variant form of 背.)
|simp. and trad.
|alt. forms||毋 Min Nan|
- Min Dong
- Min Nan
- (Min) not
- 伓講 / 伓讲 [Min Dong] ― n̂g-gōng / [(ŋ̍-)ŋ̍²⁴²⁻⁵³ (k-)ŋouŋ³³] [Bàng-uâ-cê / IPA] ― not speak; not say; needless to say
- 伓成 [Min Dong] ― n̂g-siàng / [(ŋ̍-)n̩²⁴²⁻⁵⁵ (s-)niaŋ⁵³] [Bàng-uâ-cê / IPA] ― inappropriate; unwilling
- 伓捌 [Min Dong] ― n̂g-báik / [(ŋ̍-)m̩²⁴²⁻⁵³ (p-)maiʔ²⁴] [Bàng-uâ-cê / IPA] ― not know
- 去伓去？ [Min Dong] ― Kó̤-n̂g-kó̤ / [kʰo²¹³⁻²¹ (ŋ̍-)ŋ̍²⁴²⁻⁵³ (kʰ-)ŋɔ²¹³] [Bàng-uâ-cê / IPA] ― Do you want to go?
In Min Dong, this particle changes its pronunciation depending on the initial of the following syllable: n̂g (velar and null initials); m̂ (labial initials); n̂ (dental initials). Orthographically, all the complementary pronunciations are written as ‹n̂g› (or ‹ng› in Maclay (1929)).
In addition to this, all three forms have an emphatic form: îng.
This particle is not used alone; its tone is inferred from tone sandhi patterns.
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