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U+4F3D, 伽
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4F3D

[U+4F3C]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4F3E]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 9 +5, 7 strokes, cangjie input 人大尸口 (OKSR), four-corner 26200, composition)

  1. transcription of Sanskrit 'gha' in Buddhist texts ('samgha', etc.)
  2. temple

Usage notes[edit]

  • In Chinese, this character is not used alone

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 97, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 486
  • Dae Jaweon: page 205, character 17
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 140, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+4F3D

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
妿 *kaːl, *qaːl
*ɡaːls
*ka, *kal, *kraːl
*ɡa, *ɡal, *kraːl
*ɡa, *ɡal
*ɡa, *ɡal, *kraːl
*kraːl
*kraːl
*kraːl
*kraːl
*kraːl
*kraːl
*kraːl
*kraːl
*kraːls
*kraːls
*ɡʷal

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (30)
Final () (96)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɡɨɑ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɡiɑ/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡiɑ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/gɨa/
Li
Rong
/ɡiɑ/
Wang
Li
/ɡǐɑ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/gi̯ɑ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
qié
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 5868 5869
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡa/ /*ɡal/
Notes saṃɡha

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Japanese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana とぎ, romaji togi)

  1. relieving one of boredom with a story; also, such a person
  2. attending one in their bedroom; also, such a person
  3. nursing or taking care of a person; also, such a person

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ga)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: ga, McCune-Reischauer: ka)
  • Name (hangeul): ()
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(già, giả, gia, nhà)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]