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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
侍-bw.png

Han character[edit]

(radical 9 +6, 8 strokes, cangjie input 人土木戈 (OGDI), four-corner 24241, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 101, character 26
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 589
  • Dae Jaweon: page 215, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 143, character 17
  • Unihan data for U+4F8D

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (25)
Final () (19)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡ʑɨH/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡ʑɨH/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑieH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡ʑɨH/
Li
Rong
/ʑiəH/
Wang
Li
/ʑĭəH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʑiH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shì
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shì
Middle
Chinese
‹ dzyiH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[d]əʔ-s/
English accompany, wait upon

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 12049
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*djɯs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to serve, to attend upon
  2. attendant, servant

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Contemporary Chinese Dictionary (Xiandai Hanyu Cidian), Beijing: Commercial Press, 1994

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
Readings[edit]
Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
さぶらい
Grade: S
kun'yomi

saburapi > saburaɸi > saburawi > saburai. The nominalized form of the verb 侍う ‎(saburau).

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana さぶらい, romaji saburai, historical hiragana さぶらひ)

  1. one who serves nearby; a servant
  2. a warrior; samurai
    • 16031604, Nippo Jisho (page 545)
      Saburai. サブライ(侍) 貴族, または,尊敬すべき人〔武士〕.

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
さむらい
Grade: S
kun'yomi
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia ja

saburaɸi > samuraɸi > samurawi > samurai. From earlier ‎(saburahi).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana さむらい, romaji samurai, historical hiragana さむらひ)

  1. one who serves nearby; a servant
  2. a warrior; samurai

Verb[edit]

See 侍する (じする, jisuru) or 侍る (はべる, haberu)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(si) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer si)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thị)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

References[edit]