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U+4FD1, 俑
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4FD1

[U+4FD0]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4FD2]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 9 +7, 9 strokes, cangjie input 人弓戈月 (ONIB), four-corner 27227, composition)

  1. wooden figure buried with the dead

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 104, character 25
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 683
  • Dae Jaweon: page 221, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 168, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+4FD1

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character


References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*l̥ʰoːŋ
*l̥ʰoːŋ, *loŋʔ
*l̥ʰoːŋ
*l̥ʰoːŋʔ, *l'oːŋʔ
*l̥ʰoːŋʔ
*l̥ʰoːŋs
*l'oːŋ
*ljoŋs
*l̥ʰoŋ, *loŋ
*ɦljoŋ
*ɦljoŋ, *loŋ
*loŋ
*loŋ
*loŋ
*loŋ
*loŋ
*loŋ
*loŋʔ
*loŋʔ
*loŋʔ
*loŋʔ
*loŋʔ
*loŋʔ
*loŋʔ
*loŋʔ
*loŋʔ
*loŋʔ
*loŋ
*loŋs
*loŋs

Pronunciation[edit]


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (6) (36)
Final () (1) (7)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/tʰuŋ/ /jɨoŋX/
Pan
Wuyun
/tʰuŋ/ /jioŋX/
Shao
Rongfen
/tʰuŋ/ /ioŋX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/tʰəwŋ/ /juawŋX/
Li
Rong
/tʰuŋ/ /ioŋX/
Wang
Li
/tʰuŋ/ /jĭwoŋX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tʰuŋ/ /i̯woŋX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
tōng yǒng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yǒng
Middle
Chinese
‹ yowngX ›
Old
Chinese
/*loŋʔ/
English grave figures

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 15429 15451
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*l̥ʰoːŋ/ /*loŋʔ/

Definitions[edit]

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(yong) (hangeul , revised yong, McCune-Reischauer yong)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(dõng, dũng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]