保險

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Chinese[edit]

 
to defend; to protect; to insure or guarantee; to maintain; hold or keep; to guard
danger (ous); rugged
trad. (保險)
simp. (保险)
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Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (保險, reconstructed)
Character (保), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 幫 (1)
Final: 豪
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 博抱切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/pɑuX/ /pɑuX/ /pɑuX/ /pɑuX/ /pawX/ /pɑuX/ /pɑuX/
Character (險), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 曉 (32)
Final: 鹽
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 虚檢切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/hiᴇmX/ /xi̯ɛmX/ /xiɛmX/ /hiɛmX/ /hiamX/ /xĭɛmX/ /xjæmX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (保險, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
bǎo ‹ pawX › /*pˤuʔ/ protect
xiǎn ‹ xjæmX › /*qʰr[a]mʔ/ precipitous, dangerous
xiǎn ‹ xjemX › /*qʰr[a]mʔ/ precipitous, dangerous

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
318 1 /*puːʔ/
10221 1 /*qʰramʔ/

Definitions[edit]

保險

  1. to guard a strategic place; to defend a strategic pass
  2. safe; secure
    天氣忽冷忽熱穿保險 [MSC, trad.]
    天气忽冷忽热穿保险 [MSC, simp.]
    Tiānqì hūlěnghūrè, duō chuān diǎn bǎoxiǎn! [Pinyin]
    The weather is quite variable; please wear a bit more just to be safe!
  3. safety (mechanical device on a firearm)
  4. to assure; to guarantee
    保險世界紀錄 [MSC, trad.]
    保险世界纪录 [MSC, simp.]
    Wǒ gǎn bǎoxiǎn zhè shì shìjiè xīn jìlù. [Pinyin]
    I can assure you that this is the new world record.
  5. (colloquial) to be bound to; to be sure to
    保險沒事 [MSC, trad.]
    保险没事 [MSC, simp.]
    Zhào wǒ shuō de zuò, bǎoxiǎn méishì. [Pinyin]
    Do as I say and I am sure you are fine.
  6. (obsolete, dialectal) certainly
  7. insurance; indemnity (equitable transfer of the risk of a loss, from one entity to another in exchange for payment)
    保險 [MSC, trad.]
    保险 [MSC, simp.]
    Nǐ de chē shàng bǎoxiǎn le ma? [Pinyin]
    Is your car insured?

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (保險):


Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 5
けん
Hyōgaiji
on'yomi

Noun[edit]

保險 (kyūjitai kanji, shinjitai kanji 保険, hiragana ほけん, romaji hoken)

  1. insurance