保險

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See also: 保险

Chinese[edit]

 
to defend; to protect; to insure or guarantee; to maintain; hold or keep; to guard
danger (ous); rugged
trad. (保險)
simp. (保险)
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Etymology[edit]

Attestable in ancient Chinese texts. For the sense of "insurance", reborrowing from Japanese 保險 (ほけん)(hoken).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (1) (32)
Final () (89) (154)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/pɑuX/ /hˠiᴇmX/
Pan
Wuyun
/pɑuX/ /hᵚiɛmX/
Shao
Rongfen
/pɑuX/ /xiæmX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/pawX/ /hjiamX/
Li
Rong
/pɑuX/ /xjɛmX/
Wang
Li
/pɑuX/ /xĭɛmX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/pɑuX/ /xi̯ɛmX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
bǎo xiǎn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
bǎo xiǎn xiǎn
Middle
Chinese
‹ pawX › ‹ xjæmX › ‹ xjemX ›
Old
Chinese
/*pˤuʔ/ /*qʰr[a]mʔ/ /*qʰr[a]mʔ/
English protect precipitous, dangerous precipitous, dangerous

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 318 10221
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*puːʔ/ /*qʰramʔ/

Verb[edit]

保險

  1. to assure; to guarantee
    保險世界紀錄 [MSC, trad.]
    保险世界纪录 [MSC, simp.]
    Wǒ gǎn bǎoxiǎn zhè shì shìjiè xīn jìlù. [Pinyin]
    I can assure you that this is the new world record.
  2. (colloquial) to be bound to; to be sure to
    保險沒事 [MSC, trad.]
    保险没事 [MSC, simp.]
    Zhào wǒ shuō de zuò, bǎoxiǎn méishì. [Pinyin]
    Do as I say and I am sure you are fine.
  3. (literary) to guard a strategic place; to defend a strategic pass

Adjective[edit]

保險

  1. safe; secure
    天氣忽冷忽熱穿保險 [MSC, trad.]
    天气忽冷忽热穿保险 [MSC, simp.]
    Tiānqì hūlěnghūrè, duō chuān diǎn bǎoxiǎn! [Pinyin]
    The weather is quite variable; please wear a bit more just to be safe!

Noun[edit]

保險

  1. safety (mechanical device on a firearm)
  2. insurance; indemnity (equitable transfer of the risk of a loss, from one entity to another in exchange for payment)
    保險 / 保险  ―  bǎoxiǎn é  ―  insurance coverage
    保險 [MSC, trad.]
    保险 [MSC, simp.]
    Nǐ de chē shàng bǎoxiǎn le ma? [Pinyin]
    Is your car insured?

Adverb[edit]

保險

  1. (obsolete, dialectal) certainly

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (保險):

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 5
けん
Jinmeiyō
on'yomi

Noun[edit]

保險 ‎(kyūjitai kanji, shinjitai kanji 保険, hiragana ほけん, romaji hoken)

  1. insurance