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U+4FF4, 俴
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4FF4

[U+4FF3]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4FF5]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 9 +8, 10 strokes, cangjie input 人戈戈 (OII), four-corner 23253, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 106, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 727
  • Dae Jaweon: page 226, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 174, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+4FF4

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character



References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*zlaːn, *zaːns
*zlaːn
*zlaːn, *saːns, *ʔslenʔ, *ʔsleːn, *sreːd
*zreːn, *zreːn, *zreːnʔ, *zraːns
*ʔsreːnʔ
*ʔsreːnʔ, *ʔljenʔ
*ʔsreːnʔ
*sʰreːnʔ
*zreːnʔ, *zraːns, *zrenʔ
*zreːnʔ, *zraːns
*zreːnʔ
*ʔslenʔ, *zlen
*ʔslenʔ, *zlenʔ
*ʔslenʔ, *ʔslens, *ʔsleːn
*sʰlenʔ, *ʔsleːn
*ʔsens, *ʔseːn
*zlenʔ
*zlenʔ, *zlens
*zlenʔ, *zlens
*zlens
*slens
*ʔsleːn
*ʔsleːn

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (15) (13)
Final () (77) (77)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡ziᴇnX/ /t͡siᴇnX/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡ziɛnX/ /t͡siɛnX/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡zjænX/ /t͡sjænX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡zianX/ /t͡sianX/
Li
Rong
/d͡ziɛnX/ /t͡siɛnX/
Wang
Li
/d͡zĭɛnX/ /t͡sĭɛnX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/d͡zʱi̯ɛnX/ /t͡si̯ɛnX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jiàn jiǎn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jiàn
Middle
Chinese
‹ dzjenX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[dz]e[n]ʔ/
English shallow

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 5997 6007
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ʔslenʔ/ /*zlenʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. thin

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(cheon) (hangeul , revised cheon, McCune-Reischauer ch'ŏn)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.