傀儡

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Chinese[edit]

 
puppet; grand; strange; exotic
injure; puppet
simp. and trad.
(傀儡)
alt. forms
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傀儡

Etymology[edit]

From (kuài, “chunk, lump”) + (lěi, “to pile up, to accumulate”).

Semantically, “statues made of soil and timber” (Liezi) > “puppet” > “(figurative) puppet” (Qing Dynasty); also “sulks; pent-up sorrow” (Qing Dynasty).

Alternatively, Laufer connects this word with Turkish kukla (puppet), Ancient Greek κούκλα (koúkla, doll, puppet) in Oriental Theatricals.

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note: ka-lér/ka-lé - 嘉禮 is used in the Mainland.

Noun[edit]

傀儡

  1. puppet; marionette
  2. (figuratively) puppet; someone who is manipulated by another; pawn; minion
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]


Noun[edit]

傀儡

  1. (obsolete) sulks; pent-up sorrow

Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
Hyōgaiji Hyōgaiji
Irregular

Perhaps cognate with (kugutsu, hand bag). Wandering artisans would put their puppets in hand bags while traveling. Also compare Korean 꼭두 (kkokdu, “phantom”).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Irregular reading)

Noun[edit]

傀儡 (hiragana くぐつ, rōmaji kugutsu)

  1. a puppet
  2. a female artisan who wandered from place to place, entertaining and performing with a puppet.
  3. a prostitute.

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
かい
Hyōgaiji
らい
Hyōgaiji
on’yomi

kwairai > kairai.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

傀儡 (hiragana かいらい, rōmaji kairai, historical hiragana くわいらい)

  1. A puppet
  2. A person who is used to use or controlled as pleased like a puppet by a 'puppetmaster'.

See also[edit]

References[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

傀儡 (goeroe) (hangeul 괴뢰)

  1. Hanja form? of 괴뢰, “puppet”.

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this word

Noun[edit]

傀儡

  1. Hán tự form of quỷ lỗi, “puppet”