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See also:
U+50BE, 傾
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-50BE

[U+50BD]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+50BF]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 9, +11, 13 strokes, cangjie input 人心一金 (OPMC), four-corner 21286, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

Related characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 115, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1038
  • Dae Jaweon: page 245, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 212, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+50BE

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
傾-seal.svg


References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ɡeːnʔ, *kʰʷeːŋʔ
*kʰʷeŋ
*kʰʷeŋ, *kʰʷeŋʔ
*ɢʷeŋʔ
*ɢʷeŋʔ
*kʷeːŋʔ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kʰʷeŋ): semantic  (man) + phonetic  (OC *kʰʷeŋ, *kʰʷeŋʔ). Note that it is not  + .

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • ken1 - “to chat”;
  • ken2 - other senses.
  • Hakka
  • Min Dong
  • Min Nan
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕʰiŋ⁵⁵/
    Harbin /kʰəŋ⁴⁴/
    /t͡ɕʰiŋ²¹³/
    Tianjin /t͡ɕʰiŋ¹³/
    Jinan /t͡ɕʰyŋ²¹³/
    Qingdao /t͡ɕʰiŋ²¹³/
    Zhengzhou /t͡ɕʰiŋ²⁴/
    /t͡ɕʰyŋ²⁴/
    Xi'an /t͡ɕʰyŋ⁵³/
    Xining /t͡ɕʰiə̃⁵³/
    Yinchuan /t͡ɕʰiŋ⁴⁴/
    Lanzhou /t͡ɕʰĩn³¹/
    /t͡ɕʰỹn³¹/
    Ürümqi /t͡ɕʰiŋ⁴⁴/
    Wuhan /t͡ɕʰin⁴²/
    Chengdu /t͡ɕʰyn⁵⁵/
    Guiyang /t͡ɕʰin⁵⁵/
    Kunming /t͡ɕʰĩ⁵³/
    Nanjing /t͡ɕʰin³¹/
    Hefei /t͡ɕʰin²¹/
    Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕʰiəŋ⁵³/
    Pingyao /t͡ɕʰiŋ¹³/
    Hohhot /t͡ɕʰĩŋ⁵³/
    Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕʰiŋ³⁵/
    Suzhou /t͡ɕʰin⁵⁵/
    Hangzhou /t͡ɕʰin³³/
    Wenzhou /t͡ɕʰoŋ³³/
    Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰyʌ̃³⁵/
    Tunxi /t͡ɕʰin¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕʰyn³³/
    /kʰuan³³/
    Xiangtan /t͡ɕʰyn³³/
    Gan Nanchang
    Hakka Meixian /kʰen⁴⁴/
    Taoyuan
    Cantonese Guangzhou /kʰeŋ⁵³/
    Nanning /kʰeŋ⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /kʰiŋ⁵⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kʰiŋ⁵⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kʰiŋ⁴⁴/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kʰeiŋ⁴⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /kʰuaŋ³³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /xeŋ³¹/
    /xeŋ⁵⁵/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (29)
    Final () (122)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kʰwiᴇŋ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kʰʷiɛŋ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kʰiuæŋ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kʰwiajŋ/
    Li
    Rong
    /kʰiuɛŋ/
    Wang
    Li
    /kʰĭwɛŋ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kʰi̯wɛŋ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    qiōng
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    qīng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ khjwieng ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[k]ʷʰeŋ/
    English incline (v.)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 10506
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kʰʷeŋ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to lean; to tilt; to incline
    2. to collapse
    3. to overturn and pour out; to empty
    4. to do one's best; to use up all of one's resources
    5. to adore; to admire
    6. to overpower; to overwhelm
    7. to compete
    8. entire; whole
    9. (Cantonese) to chat; to converse

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Related terms[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana ななめ, rōmaji naname)

    1. (obsolete) Alternative form of 斜め

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (gyeong) (hangeul , revised gyeong, McCune–Reischauer kyŏng)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (khuynh, khoanh, khuâng, khuỳnh)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.