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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 9 +13, 15 strokes, cangjie input 人人一人 (OOMO), four-corner 28286, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 119, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1190
  • Dae Jaweon: page 252, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 226, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+5109

Chinese[edit]

-
trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (儉), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 群 (30)
Final: 鹽
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 巨險切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡiᴇmX/ /gi̯ɛmX/ /ɡiɛmX/ /ɡiɛmX/ /giamX/ /ɡĭɛmX/ /ɡjæmX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
jiǎn ‹ gjemX › /*[ɡ]r[a]mʔ/ restrict, frugal

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
10213 1 /*ɡramʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. temperate, frugal, economical

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(geom) (hangeul , revised geom, McCune-Reischauer kŏm)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(kiệm, cợm, hiếm, thiếu)

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