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U+513C, 儼
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-513C

[U+513B]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+513D]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 9 +20, 22 strokes, cangjie input 人口口大 (ORRK), four-corner 26248, composition)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 122, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1324
  • Dae Jaweon: page 257, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 240, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+513C

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character




References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʰɯːm, *kʰreːmʔ, *ɡraːmʔ
*l̥ʰaːms, *klaːmʔ
*l'aːmʔ
*klaːmʔ
*klaːmʔ
*kʰlaːms
*kʰlaːms, *qʰreːmʔ, *hŋraːms
*qʰaːm, *qʰlaːms
*qʰlaːms, *qʰraːms, *qʰraːb
*ŋraːm
*ŋraːm, *ŋamʔ
*qʰraːmʔ
*kjam
*hŋramʔ
*ŋam
*ŋamʔ
*ŋamʔ
*ŋams

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (31)
Final () (145)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ŋɨɐmX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ŋiɐmX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋiɐmX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ŋɨamX/
Li
Rong
/ŋiɐmX/
Wang
Li
/ŋĭɐmX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋi̯ɐmX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yǎn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yǎn
Middle
Chinese
‹ ngjæmX ›
Old
Chinese
/*ŋ(r)[a]mʔ/
English dignified

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 3693
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ŋamʔ/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. grave, respectful, majestic

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(eom) (hangeul , revised eom, McCune-Reischauer ŏm)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(nghiễm)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.