先生

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Chinese[edit]

 
early; prior; former; in advance; first
 
to be born; to give birth; life; to grow; student; raw
simp. and trad.
(先生)

Etymology[edit]

From (xiān, Old Chinese *sɯːn(s), "before, ahead") and (shēng, OC *shleːŋ, *sreŋs, "to be born"), i.e. "one who was born earlier". Attested in Shijing ("first child"), Yili ("elder brother"), Classic of Rites ("teacher"), Mengzi ("a knowledgeable elder").

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

先生

  1. (Beginning Mandarin) mister, sir
    先生 [MSC, trad.]
    先生 [MSC, simp.]
    Wáng xiānshēng lái le. [Pinyin]
    Mr. Wang came.
  2. (formal) husband
  3. (dated) Doctor; Dr
  4. (regional) doctor
  5. (dated) teacher

Related terms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
せん
Grade: 1
せい
Grade: 1
on'yomi

Etymology[edit]

From Sinitic 先生.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

先生 ‎(hiragana せんせい, romaji sensei)

  1. one who was born earlier; an elder
  2. one who excels at a subject; a scholar
  3. one who teaches; a teacher or professor
  4. sensei (Japanese martial arts teacher)
  5. sir, a polite form of address to teachers, doctors, etc.

Usage notes[edit]

This is a term of respect, reserved only for speaking about others, and considered somewhat impolite (immodest) to use when referring to oneself. Instead, the term 教師 ‎(kyōshi, "teacher") is considered more socially appropriate when referring to oneself.

Derived terms[edit]

Suffix[edit]

先生 ‎(hiragana せんせい, romaji -sensei)

  1. a title used after the name of teachers, doctors, lawyers, or certain other professionals

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, ISBN 4095102535.

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this word

Noun[edit]

先生 ‎(seonsaeng) ‎(hangeul 선생)

  1. Hanja form? of 선생, “teacher”.