全然

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Chinese[edit]

 
all; whole; entire
all; whole; entire; every; complete
adverbial suffix; ‑ly
trad. (全然)
simp. #(全然)

Pronunciation[edit]


Adverb[edit]

全然

  1. completely; entirely; utterly
    全然 [MSC, trad.]
    全然 [MSC, simp.]
    Wǒ duì cǐ shì quánrán bù zhī. [Pinyin]
    I know absolutely nothing about this matter.

Synonyms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
ぜん
Grade: 3
ぜん
Grade: 4
goon kan’on

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from written Chinese 全然 in the early 1800s from 白話小説 (hakuwa shōsetsu, literally white-speech novels), a genre using more colloquial styles, initially with furigana indicating a reading of まったく (mattaku, completely).[1]

First cited to a text from 1823, with the ぜんぜん (zenzen) reading became more common starting from the late 1890s.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

(ぜん)(ぜん) (zenzen

  1. [from late 1890s] (not) at all (with negative verb)
    (わたし)(りょう)()など(ぜん)(ぜん)しない()(しん)ないから
    Watashi wa ryōri nado zenzen shinai. Jishin ga nai kara ne.
    I don't cook at all, since I lack the confidence.
    わかった?」「いや全然(ぜんぜん)。」
    “Wakatta?” “Iya, zenzen.”
    "Got it?" "Nope, not at all."
    Synonym: (Hakata) いっちょん (icchon)
    Antonym: (frequently, often) よく (yoku)
  2. [from 1950] (colloquial) totally, completely (with affirmative verb)
    全然(ぜんぜん)(ちが)(はなし)
    zenzen chigau hanashi
    a completely different story
    Synonyms: 全く (mattaku), 非常, とても

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  4. 4.0 4.1 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, →ISBN.

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Adverb[edit]

全然 (jeonyeon) (hangeul 전연)

  1. Hanja form? of 전연 (completely).