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U+5187, 冇
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5187

[U+5186]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5188]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(Kangxi radical 13, +2, 4 strokes, cangjie input 大月 (KB) or X大月 (XKB), four-corner 40227, composition𠂇)

References[edit]


Chinese[edit]

Wikipedia has an article on:
  • (Cantonese)

Glyph origin[edit]

From the removal of the two inner strokes from (“to have”).

Etymology 1[edit]

trad.
simp. #
alternative forms
Xiang

From (MC mɨo, “to not have”), fused with (MC ɦɨuX, “to have”) (Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • mau5 - “have not; did not”;
  • mau6 - “to not have” (contraction of 冇得).

Definitions[edit]

  1. (dialectal Mandarin, Cantonese, dialectal Gan, Hakka, dialectal Wu, Xiang) to not have; to not exist
    理由 [Cantonese]  ―  mou5 lei5 jau4 gaa3. [Jyutping]  ―  Impossible.
  2. (dialectal Mandarin, Cantonese, Xiang) have not; did not (do something) (indicating non-completion of a verb)
    [Cantonese]  ―  ngo5 mou5 tung4 keoi5 gong2. [Jyutping]  ―  I did not tell him.
    [Cantonese, trad.]
    [Cantonese, simp.]
    keoi5 gei2 go3 jyut6 dou1 mou5 lai4. [Jyutping]
    He hasn't come for a few months.
  3. (dialectal Cantonese, Nanning Pinghua) not (negator)
Usage notes[edit]
  • Originally from Cantonese, the meaning of this character is now understood by many Mandarin speakers.
Synonyms[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

trad.
simp. #

Compare Saek [script needed] (phoongC2, hollow; hole (in a tree, bamboo)), Proto-Bahnaric *pɔːŋ (hollow; flattened) (Schuessler, 2007).

This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. (Min, Hakka) empty; hollow; spongy; not sturdy
    [Hokkien]  ―  phàⁿ-chhâ [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]  ―  porous wood
  2. (Min, Hakka) unreliable; undependable; casual
  3. (Min Nan) extravagant; generous
    [Hokkien]  ―  phàⁿ-chhiú [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]  ―  generous
  4. (Hakka) insufficient; lacking

Etymology 3[edit]

trad.
simp. #

Pronunciation[edit]

Definitions[edit]

  1. (Cantonese) Contraction of 唔好 (don't).
    [Cantonese]  ―  mou2 faan4 ngo5! [Jyutping]  ―  Don't annoy me!

See also[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

trad.
simp. #

From etymology 1, with rising intonation.

Pronunciation[edit]

Definitions[edit]

  1. (Cantonese, uncommon or dated) Used at the end of questions to ask if one has done something yet.
    Synonym:
    [Cantonese]  ―  sik6 zo2 faan6 mou2? [Jyutping]  ―  Have you eaten?

References[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Nôm readings: mậu

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.