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U+5187, 冇
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5187

[U+5186]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5188]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 13 +2, 4 strokes, cangjie input 大月 (KB) or X大月 (XKB), four-corner 40227, composition𠂇)

References[edit]


Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

From the removal of the two inner strokes from (“to have”).

Etymology 1[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms
Xiang

From (MC mɨo, “to not have”), fused with (MC ɦɨuX, “to have”) (Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • mau5 - “have not; did not”;
  • mau6 - “to not have” (contraction of 冇得).

Definitions[edit]

  1. (dialectal Mandarin, Cantonese, dialectal Gan, Hakka, dialectal Wu, Xiang) to not have; to not exist
    女朋友梗係!……或者唔知 [Cantonese, trad.]
    女朋友梗系!……或者唔知 [Cantonese, simp.]
    From: 陳慧嫻, 紅茶館
    Nei5 mou5 neoi5 pang4 jau5? Gang2 hai6 m4 seon3 laa1!...... Waak6 ze2 jau5. Nei5 m4 zi1 ze1. [Jyutping]
    You don't have a girlfriend? Of course I don't believe you! ... Maybe you do have one, but you just don't know it.
    理由 [Cantonese]  ―  Mou5 lei5 jau4 gaa3. [Jyutping]  ―  Impossible.
  2. (dialectal Mandarin, Cantonese, Xiang) have not; did not (do something) (indicating non-completion of a verb)
    / [Cantonese]  ―  Ngo5 mou5 tung4 keoi5 gong2. [Jyutping]  ―  I did not tell him.
    [Cantonese, trad.]
    [Cantonese, simp.]
    Keoi5 gei2 go3 jyut6 dou1 mou5 lai4. [Jyutping]
    He hasn't come for a few months.
Usage notes[edit]
  • Originally from Cantonese, the meaning of this character is now passively understood by many Mandarin speakers.
Synonyms[edit]
Dialectal synonyms of 沒有 (“to not have (+ noun)”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 沒有
Mandarin Beijing 沒有
Taiwan 沒有
Jinan 沒有
Xi'an 沒有
Wuhan 冇得
Chengdu 沒得
Yangzhou 不得沒得
Hefei
Cantonese Guangzhou 冇有
Hong Kong
Taishan
Gan Nanchang 冒有
Hakka Meixian
Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Zhuolan (Raoping)
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Jin Taiyuan 沒啦
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Xiamen
Quanzhou
Zhangzhou
Taipei
Kaohsiung
Tainan
Taichung
Hsinchu
Lukang
Sanxia
Yilan
Kinmen
Magong
Penang
Singapore
Philippines (Manila)
Chaozhou
Shantou
Thailand (Bangkok)
Wu Shanghai 嘸沒
Suzhou 嘸不
Wenzhou
Xiang Changsha 冇得
Shuangfeng 冇得

Etymology 2[edit]

simp. and trad.

Compare Saek [script needed] (phoongC2, hollow; hole (in a tree, bamboo)), Proto-Bahnaric *pɔːŋ (hollow; flattened) (Schuessler, 2007).

This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. (Min, Hakka) empty; hollow; spongy; not sturdy
    [Min Nan]  ―  phàⁿ-chhâ [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]  ―  porous wood
  2. (Min, Hakka) unreliable; undependable; casual
  3. (Min Nan) extravagant; generous
    [Min Nan]  ―  phàⁿ-chhiú [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]  ―  generous
  4. (Hakka) insufficient; lacking

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(mậu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.