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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 18 +6, 8 strokes, cangjie input 竹月中弓 (HBLN), four-corner 22200)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 139, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1961
  • Dae Jaweon: page 315, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 335, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+5236

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (制), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 章 (23)
Final: 祭
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 征例切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕiᴇiH/ /t͡ɕi̯ɛiH/ /t͡ɕiɛiH/ /t͡ɕiɛiH/ /ciajH/ /t͡ɕĭɛiH/ /t͡ɕjæiH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
zhì ‹ tsyejH › /*tet-s/ cut out, prepare

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
17377 2 /*kjeds/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to cut, chop, restrict, overpower
  2. establish
  3. (n) system, (adj) standard
  4. (archaic) edict of ancient Chinese rulers
    • Trans. James Legge. The Book of Rites, Quli II, §96:
      國君死社稷,大夫死眾,士死
      A ruler should die for his altars; a great officer, with the host (he commands); an inferior officer, for his charge.
  5. (archaic) a mourning rite on behalf of parents' deaths in ancient China

Etymology 2[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This term, , is the simplified form of .)
Notes:

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Suffix[edit]

‎(hiragana せい, romaji -sei)

  1. system

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(je) (hangeul , revised je, McCune-Reischauer che, Yale cey)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(chế, chới, chơi, choi, xế, xiết)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.