勇む

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: 4

Etymology[edit]

From Old Japanese. Initial いさ (isa) portion shares its origin with the old isa reading for of ‎(whale). Ending (mu) is likely the old auxiliary verb , expressing intent, desire, or estimation.

Homophonic with archaic 営む ‎(to do business), and archaic 諫む/諌む ‎(to admonish), but semantic relationship is unclear.

Verb[edit]

勇む ‎(intransitive, godan conjugation, hiragana いさむ, romaji isamu)

  1. to be in high spirits, enthusiastic; to be brave or courageous
  2. (archaic) to whinny
    • This sense is usually expressed using the word 嘶く ‎(inanaku). However, the ending naku portion is homophonic with 泣く ‎(to cry, to weep), and as such this word was treated as somewhat taboo by soldiers, who thus used isamu instead.
  3. (archaic) to blow a horn as a signal in a naval battle

勇む ‎(transitive, godan conjugation, hiragana いさむ, romaji isamu)

  1. (archaic) to encourage, to cheer someone up

Conjugation[edit]

Synonyms[edit]