北極熊

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See also: 北极熊

Chinese[edit]

the North Pole bear; to scold; to rebuke
trad. (北極熊) 北極
simp. (北极熊) 北极

Etymology[edit]

Compare Japanese 北極熊 (hokkyokuguma), Korean 북극곰 (Bukgeukgom), Vietnamese gấu Bắc Cực, all of which literally mean “arctic bear”.

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

北極熊

  1. polar bear

Synonyms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Wikipedia-logo.png
 北極熊 on Japanese Wikipedia
北極熊
Kanji in this term
ほく > ほっ
Grade: 2
きょく
Grade: 4
くま > ぐま
Grade: S

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Compound of 北極 (Hokkyoku, North Pole; Arctic) +‎ (kuma, bear).[1][2][3] The kuma changes to guma as an instance of rendaku (連濁).

Compare Chinese 北極熊, Korean 북극곰 (Bukgeukgom), Vietnamese gấu Bắc Cực, all of which literally mean “arctic bear”.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Tokyo) っきょくぐま [hòkkyókúꜜgùmà] (Nakadaka – [4])[2]
  • IPA(key): [ho̞k̚ʲkʲo̞kɯ̟ᵝɡɯ̟ᵝma̠]

Noun[edit]

北極熊 (hiragana ほっきょくぐま, hiragana and katakana ほっきょくグマ, katakana ホッキョクグマ, rōmaji Hokkyokuguma, historical hiragana ほくきよくぐま, historical katakana ホクキヨクグマ)

  1. a polar bear

Usage notes[edit]

As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana, especially in biological contexts, as ホッキョクグマ.

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN